enliven

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Life + en- -en, intensifying verbal circumfix.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

enliven (third-person singular simple present enlivens, present participle enlivening, simple past and past participle enlivened)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To give life or spirit to; to revive or animate.
  2. (transitive) To make more lively, cheerful or interesting.
    The game was much enlivened when both teams scored within five minutes of each other.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary (2007) states that enliven was formed by the simultaneous prefixing of en- and suffixing of -en, which, by definition, constitutes circumfixation.