en-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English en- (en-, in-).
Originally from Old French en- (also an-), from Latin in- (in, into); but also from an alteration of Middle English in-, from Old English in- (in, into), from Proto-Germanic *in (in). Both Latin and Germanic, from Proto-Indo-European *en (in, into). Intensive use of Old French en-, an- due to confluence with Old Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix). More at in-, on-.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. in, into, on, onto
  2. covered
  3. caused
  4. as an intensifier

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French en-, from Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin in.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en-, in-

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French en-, from Latin in.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in. Influenced by Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix).

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (in; into)
  2. en- (intensifier)

Derived terms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ēn "one". More at ēn

Prefix[edit]

ēn-

  1. one, uni-, only
    ēnkunni "only, unique"
  2. sole, single, solitary

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

en- (adjective concord)

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes[edit]

The form en- is used in most cases, but em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (m, b or p).

See also[edit]