-ize

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ise (non-Oxford British spelling)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -isen (-ise, -ize), from Old French -iser (-ize), from Latin -izāre (-ize), from Ancient Greek -ίζειν (-ízein), from Proto-Indo-European *-idyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Gothic [script?] (-itjan, verbal suffix), Old High German -izzen (verbal suffix), Old English -ettan (verbal suffix). Also see notes.

Suffix[edit]

-ize

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns or adjectives, the verbs having the sense of "to make what is denoted by the noun/adjective".

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix -ize has historically been used on words originating from Greek. -ise was used, especially as -vise, -tise, -cise, and -prise, on words that come from various roots (usually via French). In the 19th century, it became common in the United Kingdom (due to French influence) to use -ise also on words that had historically been spelled -ize. -ize remains, however, the spelling used by the influential Oxford University Press; it has also always been the spelling used in the United States and Canada.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]