an-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English an-, from Old English an-, on- (on-), from Proto-Germanic *ana (on). More at on.

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. A prefix of Anglo-Saxon origin, the same as on-.
    ancome, aneal, anent

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English an-, and-, from Old English and-, ond- (and-, back, against). More at and-.

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. A prefix of Anglo-Saxon origin, a reduced form of and-.
    answer

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀν- (an-).

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. not; used to make words that have a sense opposite to the word (or stem) to which the prefix is attached. Used with stems that begin with vowels and "h".
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. an-: Not, without, opposite of.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. Separable verb prefix, on
  2. Separable verb prefix, up

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an (at, on)

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. at, on

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish an-, in-, from Proto-Celtic *an-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. very

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
an- n-an- han- t-an-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Usage notes[edit]

Triggers lenition of a following b, c, f, g, m, p. In Munster, used only before a vowel.

  • an-bheag – "very small"
  • an-deas – "very nice"

Related terms[edit]

  • ana- (form used before consonants in Munster)

Luxembourgish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. This word needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Malagasy[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. prefix element of an- -ana

See also[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ān "one". More at ān

Prefix[edit]

ān-

  1. one, uni-, only
    āncyn "only, unique"
  2. sole, single, solitary
    ānbūend "hermit"
    ānġilde "single payment"

Old French[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. Alternative form of en-.

Pipil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. (personal) you, second-person plural subject marker.
    Antekitit tik ne mil?
    Do you work at the cornfield?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before a vowel, "an-" changes to "anh-". The digraph <nh> is pronounced as [ŋ]. Example:
Anhajsiket peyna
you came early

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. un-, anti-
  2. bad, unnatural

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an-

  1. Used to emphasise the root.

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Prefix[edit]

an–

  1. un–, not, anti–

Usage notes[edit]

Triggers the nasal mutation, sometimes with accompanying euphonic or orthographic adjustments.