and-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- (against, back), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- (across, opposite, against, away), from Proto-Indo-European *anta, *anti (across, forth), from Proto-Indo-European *ant- (forehead, foreside, end, limit). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-), Latin ante (before), Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix[edit]

and-

  1. (no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- (i.e. unbuckle). Also as the initial letter d in dread (< Old English ondrǣdan).
    along
    answer
    onfang
    onset

References[edit]

  • and- in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse and-.

Prefix[edit]

and-

  1. anti-, against, opposing

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *andi-, representive of a combining form of and (and). Cognate with Middle Dutch ont- (Dutch ont-), Old High German ant- (German ant-, ent-), Old Norse and- (Icelandic and- (against, anti-, opposed to, in the face of), Swedish an-), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This prefix was usually stressed; when unstressed, it weakened to an-, on-, also a-.

Prefix[edit]

and-

  1. forming compounds words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
    andsaca (opponent, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswaru "answer, reply"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andweard "present time"
    andlang "entire, continuous"
    andweorc (substance, matter, cause); andleofen, andleofa (nourishment, sustenance)
  4. without

Synonyms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *andi-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

and-

  1. forming compounds words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
    andsako (enemy, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswor "answer"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andward "present time"
  4. without