on-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English on-, from Old English on-, an-, from Proto-Germanic *an-, *ana- (on-), from Proto-Indo-European *ano-, *nō- (on). Cognate with Dutch aan-, German an-, Swedish an-.

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. Prefix meaning on, at, toward, upon.
    oncome, onset, onfall, onlay

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch on-, from Old Dutch un-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. un-, in-

Derived terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. un-, in-

Derived terms[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch un-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. un-, in-

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle Dutch words prefixed with on- not found

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Germanic *ana (on)

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. Forming verbs and adjectives from participles and nouns, with various senses of on, upon, to, there, thither.
    onhlinian "to lean on"
    ondōn "to don, put on clothes"
  2. (inchoactive) in, into; prefix used to intensify an action or to denote origin or initiation
    onlīehtan "to enlighten"
    onstellan, onstiellan "to establish, institute, install, originate"
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From unstressed form of and- (and-)

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Prefix[edit]

on-

  1. denoting reverse action
    onbindan "to untie, unbind"
    onfealdan "to unfold"
  2. off, away
    onberan "to carry off"
Derived terms[edit]