in-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English in-, from Old English in- (in, into, prefix), from Proto-Germanic *in (in, into), from Proto-Indo-European *en (in, into). More at in.

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. Prefixed to certain words to give the senses of in, into, towards, within.
    inhold, intake, inthrill
    inborn, inbound
    infield, infighting, insight, inwork
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin in. Sometimes the Latin word has passed through French before reaching English (e.g. incise, incite, incline, indication).

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. in, into
    Note: Before certain letters, in- becomes:

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin in- (not). Sometimes the Latin word has passed through French before reaching English (e.g. incapable, incertainty, inclement, incompatible). Compare un-.

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. (non-productive) Used with certain words to reverse their meaning
    Note: Before certain letters, in- becomes:
    1. (non-productive) Added to adjectives to mean not
      inedible
      inaccurate
    2. (non-productive) Added to nouns to mean lacking or without
      incredulity
      ineptitude
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin in-.

Prefix[edit]

in- (before l il-, before b, m, or p im-, before r ir-)

  1. in- ; un- (reversal of meaning or lack of an attribute)

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. prepended to a noun or adjective, it reinforces the quality signified thereby
  2. prepended to an adjective to negate its meaning; occurs mostly in borrowed terms from French

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in-.

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. in-; un- (indicates negation)

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. en-
  2. endo-
  3. intra-

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (assimilated form before b-/p-/m-): im-
  • (assimilated form before l-): il-
  • (assimilated form before r-): ir-
  • (assimilated form before g-): ī-
  • (assimilated form before n-): ig-

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *en-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥- (not), zero-grade form of the negative particle *ne (not). Akin to ne-, , .

Particle[edit]

in-

  1. un- negation prefix
  2. not; negating particle

Usage notes[edit]

The spelling of the particle changes in some situations:

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 301

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From in (in). More at in

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. in, into; on, upon
    inblāwan (to inspire, breathe upon)
    inēodan (to enter)
    inēþung (inspiration)
  2. internal, positioned on the inside, inside
    incoþu (internal disease)
    indryhten (distinguished, noble, courtly, excellent), from indryhtu (honor, glory, nobility)
  3. (intensifying) very
    infrōd "very old, experienced, wise", from frōd "wise"

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • im- (before P or B)
  • ir- (before R)

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. un-; not

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin in-

Prefix[edit]

in-

  1. not (negation)

Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

in- (full noun prefix, basic form n-)

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Usage notes[edit]

The form in- is used in most cases, but im- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (m, b or p).

See also[edit]