u-

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Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. (away) from
    ustoupit "yield" (< u- "away from" + stoupit "step")
  2. (inchoative)
  3. (telicity)
    vidět "see" ~ uvidět "catch sight out of"
  4. (on perfective verbs) unintentionally, inadvertently, by mistake
    řeknout "say once" ~ uřeknout (se) "misspeak/say unintentionally once"
  5. (root modality) [i.e., deontic + dynamic modality: ability, obligation, permission, readiness]
    zvednout "lift once" ~ uzvednout "be able to lift once"
    nést "carry" ~ unést "be able to carry"

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. in-, un-, non-; (prefix meaning not, reversing the meaning)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. un-, im- (in certain cases)

See also[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ú- or ó-, English and German un-. With the intensifying function probably influenced by ov-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. un- (not)
    flaksuflaks
    luck → bad luck
  2. used to create an undesired version of the following noun
    vêruvêr
    weather → severe weather
    tidutid
    time → inconvenient time
  3. used to strengthen/intensify the following noun
    talutal
    number → huge number

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • w- (before a vowel)

Etymology[edit]

From the remnants of the two abstract classes of Proto-Bantu, *du- and *bu-. Noun class 11 was probably once prefixed with *lu-.

Prefix[edit]

u- (plural n-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 11 denoting natural objects or extensions.

Prefix[edit]

u- (usually uncountable, irregular plural ma-)

  1. The prefix for noun class 14 denoting abstract qualities or collections of small things; -ness or -ity.
    1. Used to form the names of countries.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Taos[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person duoplural object.

Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u- (subject concord, medial form -wu-)

  1. you (singular), thou
  2. he, she, it (class 3)

See also[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u- (full noun prefix, no basic form)

  1. Class 1a noun prefix.

Prefix[edit]

u- (subject concord, medial form -ka-)

  1. he, she, it (class 1)

See also[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u- (full noun prefix, basic form lu-)

  1. Class 11 noun prefix.

Usage notes[edit]

The original full form is ulu-, but that form is no longer commonly used.

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

u-

  1. Appears in front of some verbs meaning: to make something behave in a certain way

Derived terms[edit]