-ta

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Estonian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ta

  1. suffix for the abessive case, without.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Suffixed to the genitive singular.
  • Often used in conjunction with the preposition ilma, for example ilma soolata "without salt, saltless".

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-ta, a variant form of *-da (whence Finnish -a) that was used when it followed a (secondarily) stressed syllable (suffixal gradation). Ultimately from the Proto-Uralic ablative case *-ta.

Suffix[edit]

-ta (front vowel harmony variant -tä)

  1. A suffix for the partitive singular case.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This suffix is used after a long vowel, diphthong or a consonant.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-ttak, composed of a stem-forming suffix *-t- + the regular infinitive ending *-dak.

Suffix[edit]

-ta (front vowel harmony variant -tä)

  1. Forms verbs from nouns.
    linko ("sling"; "centrifuge") + -ta = lingota ("to hurl, sling, fling")
    kato ("disappearance") + -ta = kadota ("to disappear")
Usage notes[edit]

Triggers consonant gradation of the root.

Used mainly on bisyllabic vowel-stem nouns. For monosyllabic and consonant-stem nouns, -taa is more common.

Derived terms[edit]

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ta

  1. added to nouns to form adjectives

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Quechua -kta

Suffix[edit]

-ta

  1. A suffix for the accusative case. Indicates the direct object of a verb or the goal of a motion verb.
    Wak wasita rikuy.
    Look at that house.
    Mamaykita qallarispa karqani.
    I've called your mother.
  2. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    Allinta llamkan.
    He works well. (from allin (good))

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ta

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    leònta ('S leònta mo làmh - my hand is wounded.)

See also[edit]