-k

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ken, -kien, from Old English -cian, from Proto-Germanic *-kōną. Cognate with West Frisian -kje, German -chen, Danish -ke, Swedish -ka. Perhaps related to Old English diminutive suffix -uc, -oc. More at -ock.

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. (obsolete, no longer productive) A suffix found in words of Middle English, Old English, and Proto-Germanic origin; occurring simultaneously in other Germanic languages, usually with an intensive or frequentative effect.
    tale, talk; steal, stalk; smile, smirk; mire, mirk; lower, lurk; hear, hark; wall, walk; fare, firk; yare, yark

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.
    tmakwa (beaver) → tmakwak (beavers)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kko.

Suffix[edit]

-k (genitive -ku, partitive -kut)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. a single instance of an action
      minema (to go) → minek (a going)
      ründama (to attack) → rünnak (an attack)
    2. the object of an action
      õppima (to study) → õpik (textbook)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -kki.

Suffix[edit]

-k (genitive -ki, partitive -kit)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs denoting an instrument of action.
    sõitma (to drive) → sõiduk (vehicle)
    hõljuma (to hover) → hõljuk (hovercraft)
    tõstma (to raise) → tõstuk (lift)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

May be the same as etymology 2.

Suffix[edit]

-k (genitive -gi, partitive -ki)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs, or sometimes from other nominals. The derivations can express the following:
    1. the result of an action
      jääma (to remain) → jääk (residue, remainder)
      saama (to receive) → saak (yield)
    2. the object of an action
      sööma (to eat) → söök (food)
      jooma (to drink) → jook (drink, beverage)

Hungarian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. -s (plural suffix)
    hajó (ship) → hajók (ships)
    alma (apple) → almák (apples)
    mese (fairy tale) → mesék (fairy tales)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (plural suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-k

  1. used on masculine nouns to form a diminutive

Derived terms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From both Arabic ـكَ (ak) and ـكِ (ik)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-k m, f

  1. you (object pronoun, second person singular)

Related terms[edit]