-ca

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Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьca

Suffix[edit]

-ca m

  1. Forms agent nouns

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca (Cyrillic spelling -ца)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a diminutive form expressing endearment.

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. Used to form languages from nationalities.
    İspanyol - İspanyolca
  2. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    aptal - aptalca

Usage notes[edit]

  • It's used when the nationality word's last vowel is one of "a", "ı", "o" or "u" and the last consonant is one of "b", "c", "d", "g", "ğ", "j", "l", "m", "n", "r", "v", "y" or "z"
  • It could be "-ce", "-ça", "-çe" according to the last vowel and the last consonant of the word.
  • It may be added after a country's name instead of nationality:
    İzlanda - İzlandaca
    Malta - Maltaca