-ari

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See also: ari, Ari, arī, arı, ári, Ári, arí, and -arí

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs), ultimately from Medieval Latin and Middle Low German; from Latin -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    at baka (to bake) + -aribakari (a baker).

Declension[edit]

m1 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative -ari -arin -arar -ararnir
Accusative -ara -aran -arar -ararnar
Dative -ara -aranum -arum -arunum
Genitive -ara -arans -ara -aranna

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs). This suffix is not Germanic, ultimately deriving from the Latin -arius through borrowings, and lives on in different disguises in the Germanic languages, e.g., in the German -er, used for the same purpose.

Suffix[edit]

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    leika (to act) + -arileikari (an actor).

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ārī

  1. dative masculine singular of -āris
  2. dative feminine singular of -āris
  3. dative neuter singular of -āris
  4. ablative masculine singular of -āris
  5. ablative neuter singular of -āris
  6. ablative feminine singular of -āris

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz

Suffix[edit]

-āri

  1. used to form agent nouns
    from nouns: buochāri (scholar) from buoch (book)
    from verbs: hëlfāri (helper) from hëlfan (to help)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *warjaz.

Suffix[edit]

-āri

  1. used to form demonyms
    Baiāri (Bavarian)
    Romāri (Roman)
Descendants[edit]



Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed as part of Medieval Latin and Middle Low German words. In both cases, it stems from Latin -ārius. The suffix -ari replaced the native suffix -i which was used for agent nouns before: skytari (shooter, bowman) instead of skyti (shooter, bowman), both derived from skjóta (to shoot).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-ari m

  1. a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs; such as shooter, bowman, from skjóta (to shoot)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olav Næs, Norsk Grammatikk — Ordlære, 1952; p. 246

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārium, -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ari

  1. -ary (nominal suffix)