-ik

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Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots").
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. -s. The ending of a large group of passive/reflexive verbs in third-person singular present tense indefinite conjugation.
    Sokat utazik. - He travels a lot.
  2. The ending of front-vowel verbs in third-person plural present tense definite conjugation.
    néz (to look) → Nézik a tévét. - They are watching the television.
  3. their ... -s (third-person plural possessive suffix denoting plural possession)
    kapu (gate) → a kapuik (their gates)
  4. Specifies which one of a specific set of things/persons. Used with adjectives. See usage notes below.
    rosszabb (worse) → a rosszabbik (the worse one)
    más (different) - másik (another one) - a másik (the other one)
    A nagyobbik szobában Péter lakik. - In the bigger room lives Peter. (of a specific set of rooms)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster.
    -ik is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -aik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -eik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jaik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i.
    -jeik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i.
  • (for adjectives): The -ik creates a determining adjective from a comparative adjective so it will answer to the question melyik? (which?). In a few cases it takes not a comparative but a basic adjective, which already incorporates the idea of comparison (e.g. más (different)). It is very often used with a definite article (a/az; "the").

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik m

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.

Declension[edit]

(personal nouns)

(other nouns)

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ik (Cyrillic spelling -ик)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

See also[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. Used to form adjectives and determiners.