-icus

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See also: ICUs

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-ikos, *-iḱos, formed with the i-stem suffix *-i- and the adjectival suffix *-ko-. Cognates include Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikos), Sanskrit (-śas), (-kas) and Old Church Slavonic -ъкъ (ŭkŭ).

PIE *-ko- on noun stems carried the meaning 'characteristic of, like, typical, pertaining to', and on adjectival stems it acted emphatically.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-icus m (feminine -ica, neuter -icum); first/second declension

  1. Belonging to.
  2. Derived from.
  3. Of or pertaining to; connected with; -ish.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -icus is added to a noun, adjective, verb, etc., to form an adjective.

Examples:
ūnicus (single, unique), from ūnus (one)
amīcus (loving, friendly), from amō (I love)
gallicus (Gallic, Gaulish), from Gallia (Gaul)
metallicus (metallic), from metallum (metal)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -icus -ica -icum -icī -icae -ica
genitive -icī -icae -icī -icōrum -icārum -icōrum
dative -icō -icae -icō -icīs -icīs -icīs
accusative -icum -icam -icum -icōs -icās -ica
ablative -icō -icā -icō -icīs -icīs -icīs
vocative -ice -ica -icum -icī -icae -ica

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]