-ed

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English -ode, -odon (class 2 weak past), from Proto-Germanic *-ōd-, *-ōdēd-.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
    pointed (as in He pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English -od (class 2 weak past participle), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
    pointed (as in He has pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English -od (adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz. While identical in appearance to the past participle of class 2 weak verbs, this suffix was attached directly to nouns without any intervening verb. Compare also Latin -ātus.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    pointed (as in A needle has a pointed end. - the end of a needle has a point.)
  2. As an extension of the above, when used along with an adjective preceding the noun, describes something that has an object of a particular quality.
    red-haired (having red hair)
    left-handed (having a left hand as more dexterous hand)
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Cornish -es.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Suffix denoting plural of certain nouns
eg. kazhez (female cat) → kazhezed (female cats)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. your (second-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession)
    kert (garden) → a kerted (your (singular, informal) garden)
  2. Added to an cardinal number to form a fraction.
    ezer (thousand) → ezred (thousandth)
  3. Added to a stem to form a verb.
    téved (to make a mistake)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (number suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (verbal suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -ad is added to back vowel words
    -ed is added to front vowel words

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. quantity

Old English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. formed into the likeness of, made into, shaped like, having the qualities of
    æppled "apple-shaped"

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Forms an equative of an adjective of one or two syllables.

Usage notes[edit]

Causes final b, d and g to become p, t and c, respectively. For instance, teg becomes teced.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form the ordinal forms of five and six.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]