left

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English left, luft, leoft, lift, lyft, from Old English left, lyft (weak, useless), from Proto-Germanic *luft- (compare Scots left (left), North Frisian lefts, leeft, leefts (left), West Frisian lofts (left), dialectal Dutch loof (weak, worthless), Low German lucht (left)), from *lubjaną (to castrate, lop off) (compare dialectal English lib, West Frisian lobje, Dutch lubben), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leup, *(s)lup (hanging limply). More at lob, lop.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

left (comparative more left or lefter, superlative leftmost)

  1. The opposite of right; toward the west when one is facing north.
    Turn left at the corner.
  2. (politics) pertaining to the political left; liberal.
The fruit to the viewer's left is smaller.
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Adverb[edit]

left (not comparable)

  1. On the left side.
  2. Towards the left side.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

left (plural lefts)

  1. The left side or direction.
  2. (politics) The ensemble of left-wing political parties. Those holding left-wing views as a group.
    The political left is not holding enough power.
  3. (boxing) A punch delivered with the left fist.
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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English left, variant of laft (remaining, left), from Old English lǣfd, ġelǣfd, past participle of lǣfan (to leave). More at leave.

Verb[edit]

left

  1. simple past tense and past participle of leave.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Afore we got to the shanty Colonel Applegate stuck his head out of the door. His temper had been getting raggeder all the time, and the sousing he got when he fell overboard had just about ripped what was left of it to ravellings.
  2. Remaining.
    There are only three cups of juice left.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From a verbal use of leave (permission), perhaps connected to Middle English leven (to give leave to, permit, concede), from Old English līefan, lȳfan (to allow). More at leave.

Verb[edit]

left

  1. (Ireland, colloquial) permitted, allowed to proceed.
    We were not left go to the beach after school except on a weekend.

References[edit]

  • The Concise Dictionary of English Etymology, Walter W. Skeat.

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