شمال

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic. Cognate with Hebrew שְׂמֹאל (s'mól, left), Akkadian 𒆏 (GÚB, šumēlu, left side), Aramaic סְמָלָא / ܣܡܠܐ (semālā, left side), Ugaritic 𐎌𐎎𐎀𐎍 (šmal).

Noun[edit]

شِمَال (šimālf (plural أَشْمُل (ʾašmul) or شَمَائِل (šamāʾil) or شُمُل (šumul))

  1. left side
  2. left hand
  3. bad omen
  4. handful of ears
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Noun[edit]

شِمَال (šimālm (plural شَمَائِل (šamāʾil))

  1. (often plural) natural disposition, character, virtues
  2. case, sheath
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See above. According to Lane (Lane's Lexicon, Book I, p. 1611, entry شَمَال under root ش م ل (š-m-l)), so named because the north is on the left when facing the rising sun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَال or شِمَال (šamāl or šimālm

  1. north
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَال or شِمَال (šamāl or šimālf (plural شَمَالَات (šamālāt) or شِمَالَات (šimālāt))

  1. north wind
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَمَال (šamāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari شمال
Iranian Persian شمال
Tajik шимол (šimol)

شمال (šomâl)

  1. north

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]