red

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See also: -red, red-, Red, RED, and rěd

English[edit]

Various shades of red
Close-up view of red hair
A glass of red wine

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: rĕd, IPA(key): /ɹɛd/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: read (past tense/participle)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English red, from Old English rēad, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare West Frisian read, Low German root, rod, Dutch rood, German rot, Danish rød), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from the root *h₁rewdʰ- (compare Welsh rhudd, Latin ruber, rufus, Tocharian A/B rtär/ratre, Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Albanian pruth (redhead), Old Church Slavonic рудъ (rudŭ), Lithuanian raúdas, Avestan raoidita[script?], Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá) 'red, bloody').

Adjective[edit]

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. Having red as its color.
    The girl wore a red skirt.
    • Shakespeare
      Your colour, I warrant you, is as red as any rose.
  2. Of hair, having an orange-brown colour; ginger.
    Her hair had red highlights.
  3. (often capitalized) Leftwing, socialist, or communist.
    • "Only Nixon could go to China" was the refrain of conventional wisdom during Richard Nixon’s 1972 official visit to Mao Tse-tung’s regime. Nixon’s anti-communist credentials, however dubious, provided useful camouflage as he opened diplomatic relations with Red China and made breathtaking concessions that an undisguised liberal couldn’t get away with. [1]
  4. (US, modern) Supportive of or dominated by the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party.
    a red state
    a red Congress
  5. (US, modern) Of, pertaining to, or run by (a member of) the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party.
    a red advertisement
  6. (UK) Supportive of the Labour Party.
  7. (Germany, politics) Related to the Social Democratic Party.
    the red-black grand coalition
  8. (astronomy) Of the lower-frequency region of the (typically visible) part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

red (countable and uncountable, plural reds)

  1. (countable and uncountable) Any of a range of colours having the longest wavelengths, 670 nm, of the visible spectrum; a primary additive colour for transmitted light: the colour obtained by subtracting green and blue from white light using magenta and yellow filters; the colour of blood, ripe strawberries, etc.
    red colour:    
  2. (countable) A revolutionary socialist or (most commonly) a Communist; (usually capitalized) a Bolshevik, a supporter of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War.
  3. (countable, snooker) One of the 15 red balls used in snooker, distinguished from the colours.
  4. (countable and uncountable) Red wine.
  5. (slang) The drug secobarbital; a capsule of this drug.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005), page 202:
      The big market, these days, is in Downers. Reds and smack—Seconal and heroin—and a hellbroth of bad domestic grass sprayed with everything from arsenic to horse tranquillizers.
  6. (informal) A red light (a traffic signal)
  7. (Ireland, UK, beverages, informal) red lemonade
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the archaic verb rede.

Verb[edit]

red

  1. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of rede

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English hreddan (to save, to deliver, recover, rescue), from Proto-Germanic *hradjaną.

Verb[edit]

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative spelling of redd.

References[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Middle English, from Middle Low German, compare Dutch redden.

Verb[edit]

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. (transitive, Pennsylvania) Alternative spelling of redd.

References[edit]

  • redd” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /reːd/, [ʁæðˀ]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. past tense of ride

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. first-person singular present indicative of redden
  2. imperative of redden

Anagrams[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. To disappear.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

red

  1. rafsi of bredi.

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish rét.

Noun[edit]

red m (genitive red, plural reddyn)

  1. thing, object, item
    • Cha daink reddyn dy mie.
      • Things didn't pan out well.
    • Cha nel shen deyr son y leagh t'er reddyn nish.
      • That's not dear as things go.
    • Kanys ta reddyn goll er?
      • How are things?
    • Son y chied red, t'eh ro vie dy ve firrinagh.
      • For one thing, it is too good to be true.
    • Ta reddyn couyral.
      • Things are getting better.
    • Ta reddyn ennagh ayn nagh vel niart ain orroo.
      • There are some things we cannot help.
    • Ta shen red aitt.
      • That's a curious thing.
    • T'eh yn un red.
      • It amounts to the same thing.
    • T'eh çheet stiagh rish yn red elley.
      • It falls in with the other thing.
    • She'n red hene eh y traa shoh.
      • It's the real thing this time.
    • Va shen yn red cooie dy ghra.
      • That was the appropriate thing to say.
  2. matter

Old English[edit]

Noun[edit]

red m

  1. Alternative form of ræd.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red

  1. genitive plural of reda

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Noun[edit]

rȇd m (Cyrillic spelling ре̑д)

  1. row
  2. (mathematics) series
  3. queue
  4. order (of magnitude)
  5. order (arrangement, disposition)
  6. line (of customers)

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

réd m inan (genitive réda, nominative plural redôvi or rédi)

  1. order (arrangement, disposition)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

réd f (genitive redí, nominative plural redí)

  1. This word needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rete (net).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red f (plural redes)

  1. web, mesh
  2. (fishing) net
    • 1911, Benito Pérez Galdós, De Cartago a Sagunto : 13
      Si se consigue pescar a Dorregaray con cuarenta mil duretes, a Cástor Andéchaga con veinticinco mil, y a otros tales, habremos hecho más que cogiendo en la red a los bicharracos de menor cuantía.
  3. trap, snare
  4. net, network
    • red de carreteras, highway network
  5. (computing) Web, Internet

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

red

  1. imperative of reda.
  2. past tense of rida.

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

red

  1. refusal

Verb[edit]

red (with the auxiliary verb etmek)

  1. To refuse.

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English red.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

red (plural reds)

  1. the colour red

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]