ruby

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English[edit]

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A ruby (gem).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin rubeus (red).

Noun[edit]

ruby (plural rubies)

  1. A clear, deep, red variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128: 
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. A deep red colour.
    ruby colour:    
    • Shakespeare
      the natural ruby of your cheeks
  3. (typography, UK) Type having a height of 5.5 points.
  4. A ruby hummer, a South American hummingbird, Clytolaema rubricauda.
  5. A red bird-of-paradise, Paradisaea rubra.
  6. (printing) agate (a size of type)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (typesetting): agate (US)
Translations[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

ruby (comparative more ruby, superlative most ruby)

  1. Of a deep red colour.
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Verb[edit]

ruby (third-person singular simple present rubies, present participle rubying, simple past and past participle rubied)

  1. (transitive, poetic) To make red; to redden.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?)

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the British 5.5-point font Ruby, used for annotations in printed documents.

Noun[edit]

ruby (plural rubies)

  1. A pronunciation guide written above or beside Chinese or Japanese characters.
The Japanese ruby characters (furigana) for Tokyo ("東京")
hiragana katakana romaji
とう きょう
トウ キョウ
kyō
Translations[edit]
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Anagrams[edit]