sanguine

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French sanguin, ultimately from Latin sanguineus (of blood), from sanguis (blood), of uncertain origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sanguine (comparative more sanguine, superlative most sanguine)

  1. Having the colour of blood; red.
  2. (obsolete, physiology) Having a bodily constitution characterised by a preponderance of blood over the other bodily humours, thought to be marked by irresponsible mirth; indulgent in pleasure to the exclusion of important matters.
    • 1592Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus iv 2
      What, what, ye sanguine, shallow-hearted boys!
    • 1597Shakespeare, 1 Hen IV ii 4
      I'll be no longer guilty of this sin; this sanguine coward, this
      bed-presser, this horse-back-breaker, this huge hill of flesh.
  3. Characterized by abundance and active circulation of blood.
    a sanguine bodily temperament
  4. Warm; ardent.
    a sanguine temper
  5. Anticipating the best; optimistic; not despondent; confident; full of hope.
    sanguine of success

Usage notes[edit]

Not to be confused with sanguinary.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sanguine (plural sanguines)

  1. Blood colour; red.
    sanguine colour:    
  2. Anything of a blood-red colour, as cloth.
  3. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey).
  4. Bloodstone.
  5. Red crayon. See the Note under crayon, 1.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sanguine (third-person singular simple present sanguines, present participle sanguining, simple past and past participle sanguined)

  1. To stain with blood; to impart the colour of blood to; to ensanguine.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sanguine f (plural sanguines)

  1. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey, which is mûre in French).

Adjective[edit]

sanguine

  1. feminine form of sanguin

External links[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ia

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sanguine (uncountable)

  1. blood

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

sanguine

  1. ablative singular of sanguis