bright

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old English bryht, metathesis of beorht, from Proto-Germanic *berhtaz (compare Dutch brecht, Norwegian bjart), from pre-Celtic/Germanic *bʰerHgto (compare Welsh berth (beautiful)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰereg- (to gleam, whiten) (compare Middle Irish brafad (blink of an eye), Lithuanian brekšta (to dawn), Russian брезг (brezg, dawn, daybreak), Albanian bardhë (white), Persian برازیدن (barâzîdan), Sanskrit भ्राजते (bhrájate)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bright (comparative brighter, superlative brightest)

  1. Visually dazzling; luminous, lucent, clear, radiant; not dark.
    Could you please dim the light? It's far too bright.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter 1, The Purchase Price:
      Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes. The clear light of the bright autumn morning had no terrors for youth and health like hers.
    • Longfellow
      The sun was bright o'erhead.
    • Drake
      The earth was dark, but the heavens were bright.
    • Macaulay
      The public places were as bright as at noonday.
  2. Having a clear, quick intellect; intelligent.
    He's very bright. He was able to solve the problem without my help.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses Episode 16
      --Ah, God, Corley replied, sure I couldn't teach in a school, man. I was never one of your bright ones, he added with a half laugh.
    • 2013 August 3, “Revenge of the nerds”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8847: 
      Think of banking today and the image is of grey-suited men in towering skyscrapers. Its future, however, is being shaped in converted warehouses and funky offices in San Francisco, New York and London, where bright young things in jeans and T-shirts huddle around laptops, sipping lattes or munching on free food.
  3. Vivid, colourful, brilliant.
    The orange and blue walls of the sitting room were much brighter than the dull grey walls of the kitchen.
    • Alexander Pope
      Here the bright crocus and blue violet grew.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
      Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
  4. Happy, in good spirits.
    I woke up today feeling so bright that I decided to have a little dance.
    • 1937, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, chapter 11:
      Their spirits had risen a little at the discovery of the path, but now they sank into their boots; and yet they would not give it up and go away. The hobbit was no longer much brighter than the dwarves. He would do nothing but sit with his back to the rock-face and stare [] .
  5. Sparkling with wit; lively; vivacious; cheerful.
    • Shakespeare
      Be bright and jovial among your guests.
  6. Illustrious; glorious.
    • Cotton
      the brightest annals of a female reign
  7. Clear; transparent.
    • Thomson
      From the brightest wines / He'd turn abhorrent.
  8. (archaic) Manifest to the mind, as light is to the eyes; clear; evident; plain.
    • I. Watts
      with brighter evidence, and with surer success

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

bright (plural brights)

  1. An artist's brush used in oil and acrylic painting with a long ferrule and a flat, somewhat tapering bristle head.
  2. (obsolete) splendour; brightness
    • Milton
      Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appear.
  3. (neologism) A person with a naturalistic worldview with no supernatural or mystical elements.
    • 2003 June 20, Dawkins, Richard, “The future looks bright”, The Guardian, ISSN 0261-3077:
      Brights constitute 60% of American scientists, and a stunning 93% of those scientists good enough to be elected to the elite National Academy of Sciences (equivalent to Fellows of the Royal Society) are brights.
    • 2006 February 2, Daniel C. Dennett, Breaking the Spell: Religion As a Natural Phenomenon, New York: Viking, ISBN 9780670034727, OL 3421576M, page 27:
      Many of us brights have devoted considerable time and energy at some point in our lives to looking at the arguments for and against the existence of God, and many brights continue to pursue these issues, hacking away vigorously at the arguments of believers as if they were trying to refute a rival scientific theory.
    • 2008 March 17, David Aikman, The Delusion of Disbelief: Why the New Atheism Is a Threat to Your Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness, Carol Stream: Tyndale House Publishers, ISBN 9781414317083, OL 24967138M, page 28:
      Dawkins has received appreciative letters from people who were formerly what he derisively calls "faith-heads" who have abandoned their delusions and come over to the side of the brights, the pleasant green pastures where clear-eyed, brave, bold, and supremely brainy atheists graze contentedly.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see the citations page.

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