brighten

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From bright +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

brighten (third-person singular simple present brightens, present participle brightening, simple past and past participle brightened)

  1. (transitive) To make bright or brighter in color.
    We brightened the room with a new coat of paint.
  2. (transitive) To make illustrious, or more distinguished; to add luster or splendor to
    • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
      The present queen would brighten her character, if she would exert her authority to instill virtues into her people.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To make more cheerful and pleasant; to enliven
    to brighten one's prospects;  Having Mark around the place really brightens things up.
    • Ambrose Philips (1674-1749)
      An ecstasy, which mothers only feel, / Plays round my heart and brightens all my sorrow.
  4. (intransitive) To grow bright, or more bright in color; to clear up
    The sun starts to brighten around this time of the year.  The sky brightened as the storm moved on.
  5. (intransitive) To become brighter or more cheerful in mood
    She brightened when I changed the subject.
    • 1915, Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, The Lodger, chapter II:
      Then his sallow face brightened, for the hall had been carefully furnished, and was very clean. ¶ There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
  6. To make acute or witty; to enliven.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]