sky

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See also: ský, SKY, and -ský

English[edit]

A blue sky

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sky, from Old Norse ský (cloud), from Proto-Germanic *skiwją, *skiwô (cloud, cloud cover, haze), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)k(')ew-, *(s)keu- (sky, cloud). Cognate with Old English scēo (cloud), Old Saxon scio, skio, skeo (light cloud cover), Old Irish cēo (sky), Irish ceo (mist, fog). Also related to Old English scūa (shadow, darkness), Latin obscūrus (dark, shadowy), Sanskrit स्कुनाति (skunāti, he covers).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sky (plural skies)

  1. (obsolete) A cloud.
  2. The atmosphere above a given point, especially as visible from the ground during the day.
    That year, a meteor fell from the sky.
  3. The part of the sky which can be seen from a specific place or at a specific time; its condition, climate etc.
    I lay back under a warm Texas sky.
    We're not sure how long the cloudy skies will last.
    • 1908, W. B. M. Ferguson, Zollenstein, chapterIV:
      So this was my future home, I thought! [] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, Nobody, chapter II:
      She wakened in sharp panic, bewildered by the grotesquerie of some half-remembered dream in contrast with the harshness of inclement fact, drowsily realising that since she had fallen asleep it had come on to rain smartly out of a shrouded sky.
  4. Heaven.
    This mortal has incurred the wrath of the skies.

Usage notes[edit]

Usually the word can be used correctly in either the singular or plural form, but the plural is now mainly poetic.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

sky (third-person singular simple present skies, present participle skying, simple past and past participle skied or skyed)

  1. (sports) to hit, kick or throw (a ball) extremely high.
    • 2011 January 22, Ian Hughes, “Arsenal 3 - 0 Wigan”, BBC:
      Van Persie skied a penalty, conceded by Gary Caldwell who was sent off, and also hit the post before scoring his third with a shot at the near post.
  2. (colloquial, dated) To hang (a picture on exhibition) near the top of a wall, where it cannot be well seen.
    • The Century
      Brother Academicians who skied his pictures.
  3. (colloquial) to drink something from a container without one's lips touching the container

Statistics[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Middle Low German schūwe, schū.

Adjective[edit]

sky (inflexible)

  1. shy
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ský.

Noun[edit]

sky c (singular definite skyen, plural indefinite skyer)

  1. cloud
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From French jus, from Latin ius (gravy, broth, sauce).

Noun[edit]

sky c (singular definite skyen, not used in plural form)

  1. gravy, stock (a kind of soup)
  2. jelly (made of gravy)

Etymology 4[edit]

Possibly from Middle Low German schūwen.

Verb[edit]

sky (imperative sky, present skyr or skyer, past skyede, past participle skyet)

  1. To shun

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German schuwe

Adjective[edit]

sky (neuter singular sky, definite singular and plural sky or skye, comparative skyere, indefinite superlative skyest, definite superlative skyeste)

  1. shy
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ský

Noun[edit]

sky f, m (definite singular skya or skyen, indefinite plural skyer, definite plural skyene)

  1. a cloud
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly from Middle Low German schuwen

Verb[edit]

sky (imperative sky, present tense skyr, simple past skydde, past participle skydd, present participle skyende)

  1. to avoid, shun

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German schuwe

Adjective[edit]

sky (neuter singular sky, definite singular and plural sky or skye, comparative skyare, indefinite superlative skyast, definite superlative skyaste)

  1. shy

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ský

Noun[edit]

sky f (definite singular skya, indefinite plural skyer, definite plural skyene)

  1. a cloud
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly from Middle Low German schuwen

Verb[edit]

sky

  1. to avoid, shun
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ský.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sky (plural skies)

  1. sky
    It's a fair braw sky we'v got the nicht. It's quite a beautiful sky we've got tonight.
  2. daylight (especially at dawn)
    A wis up afore the sky. I was up before sunrise.
  3. skyline, outline against the sky (especially of a hill)
    He saw the sky o a hill awa tae the west. He saw the outline of a hill in the west.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tae sky (third-person singular simple present skies, present participle skies, simple past skyin, past participle skiet)

  1. (of weather) to clear up
  2. to shade the eyes with the hand (so as to see better)
  3. to hold up to the light and examine

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ský, from Proto-Germanic *skiwją, compare English sky.

Noun[edit]

sky

  1. (countable) heaven
  2. (countable) sky
  3. (countable) cloud

Etymology 2[edit]

Corrupted from the French jus.

Noun[edit]

sky

  1. (uncountable, cooking) The liquid that remains in a frying pan after the fried meat is ready.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Low German schǖwen.

Verb[edit]

sky

  1. avoid due to fear or disgust, shun