bar

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Contents

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English barre, from Old French barre (beam, bar, gate, barrier), from Vulgar Latin *barra, of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Old Frankish *bara (bar, beam, barrier, fence), from Proto-Germanic *barō (beam, bar, barrier), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰAr- (log, board, plank). If so, then cognate with Old High German para, bara (bar, beam, one's cherished land), Old Frisian ber (attack, assault), Swedish bärling (a spoke), Norwegian berling (a small bar in a vehicle, rod), Latin forus (gangway, plank), Russian забо́р (zabór, fencing, paling, fence), Ancient Greek φάρος (pháros, piece of land, furrow, marker, beacon, lighthouse).

Noun[edit]

bar (countable and uncountable, plural bars)

Two steel bars.
  1. A solid, more or less rigid object of metal or wood with a uniform cross-section smaller than its length.
    The window was protected by steel bars.
  2. (countable, uncountable, metallurgy) A solid metal object with uniform (round, square, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular) cross-section; in the US its smallest dimension is .25 inch or greater, a piece of thinner material being called a strip.
    Ancient Sparta used iron bars instead of handy coins in more valuable alloy, to physically discourage the use of money.
    We are expecting a carload of bar tomorrow.
  3. A cuboid piece of any solid commodity.
    bar of chocolate
    bar of soap
  4. A broad shaft, or band, or stripe.
    a bar of light; a bar of colour
  5. A long, narrow drawn or printed rectangle, cuboid or cylinder, especially as used in a bar code or a bar chart.
  6. A diacritical mark that consists of a line drawn through a grapheme. (For example, turning A into Ⱥ.)
  7. A business licensed to sell alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; public house.
    The street was lined with all-night bars.
  8. The counter of such a premises.
    Step up to the bar and order a drink.
  9. A counter, or simply a cabinet, from which alcoholic drinks are served in a private house or a hotel room.
  10. In combinations such as coffee bar, juice bar, etc., a premises or counter serving non-alcoholic drinks.
  11. An official order or pronouncement that prohibits some activity.
    The club has lifted its bar on women members.
  12. Anything that obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
    • Dryden
      Must I new bars to my own joy create?
  13. (computing, whimsical, derived from fubar) A metasyntactic variable representing an unspecified entity, often the second in a series, following foo.
    Suppose we have two objects, foo and bar.
  14. (UK, law) The railing surrounding the part of a courtroom in which the judges, lawyers, defendants and witnesses stay
  15. (law, "the Bar", "the bar") The Bar exam, the legal licensing exam.
    He's studying hard to pass the Bar this time; he's failed it twice before.
  16. (law, "the Bar", "the bar") A collective term for lawyers or the legal profession; specifically applied to barristers in some countries but including all lawyers in others.
  17. (music) A vertical line across a musical staff dividing written music into sections, typically of equal durational value.
  18. (music) One of those musical sections.
  19. (sports) A horizontal pole that must be crossed in high jump and pole vault
  20. (soccer) The crossbar
    • 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, BBC:
      Composed play then saw Sam Ricketts nutmeg Ashley Cole before Taylor whipped a fine curling effort over Petr Cech's bar.
  21. (backgammon) The central divider between the inner and outer table of a backgammon board, where stones are placed if they are hit.
  22. An addition to a military medal, on account of a subsequent act
  23. A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water.
  24. (nautical, hydrology) A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other substance, especially a formation extending across the mouth of a river or harbor or off a beach, and which may obstruct navigation. (FM 55-501).
  25. (heraldry) One of the ordinaries in heraldry; a fess.
  26. An informal unit of measure of signal strength for a wireless device such as a cell phone.
    There were no bars so I didn't get your text.
  27. A city gate, in some British place names.
    Potter's Bar
  28. (mining) A drilling or tamping rod.
  29. (mining) A vein or dike crossing a lode.
  30. (architecture) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
  31. (farriery) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the centre of the sole.
  32. (farriery, in the plural) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

bar (third-person singular simple present bars, present participle barring, simple past and past participle barred)

  1. (transitive) To obstruct the passage of (someone or something).
    • 1906, Alfred Noyes, The Highwayman:
      "One kiss, my bonny sweetheart, I'm after a prize to-night,
      But I shall be back with the yellow gold before the morning light;
      Yet, if they press me sharply, and harry me through the day,
      Then look for me by moonlight,
      Watch for me by moonlight,
      I'll come to thee by moonlight, though Hell should bar the way."
    Our way was barred by a huge rockfall.
  2. (transitive) To prohibit.
    I couldn't get into the nightclub because I had been barred.
  3. (transitive) To lock or bolt with a bar.
    bar the door
  4. to imprint or paint with bars, to stripe
    • 1899, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, section 1
      I lived in a hut in the yard, but to be out of the chaos I would sometimes get into the accountant’s office. It was built of horizontal planks, and so badly put together that, as he bent over his high desk, he was barred from neck to heels with narrow strips of sunlight.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Preposition[edit]

bar

  1. Except, with the exception of.
    He invited everyone to his wedding bar his ex-wife.
  2. (horse racing) Denotes the minimum odds offered on other horses not mentioned by name.
    Leg At Each Corner is at 3/1, Lost My Shirt 5/1, and it's 10/1 bar.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Manual of Heraldry, Fifth Edition, by Anonymous, London, 1862, online at [1]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

bar (plural bars)

  1. A non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals, approximately equal to atmospheric pressure at sea level.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Afar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar

  1. night

Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *bara, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (compare Greek φάρμακον (phármakon) ‘drug, medicine’, Lithuanain bùrti ‘to conjure’).[1] Alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *bʰars- ‘spike, prickle’ (compare Old Norse barr (corn, grain, barley), Welsh bara ‘bread’, Latin far ‘spelt’, Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar m (indefinite plural barna, definite singular bari)

  1. grass (plant)
  2. herb, herbaceous plant
  3. (colloquial) spice
  4. medicine, medication, medicinal plant
  5. (figuratively, colloquial) cure, palliative, solution

References[edit]

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, "Heal: *bher-", in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1997), 262.

Etymology 2[edit]

from Proto-Albanian *bara, from *bera 'to carry' (modern bie). More at bie.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bar

  1. to carry (away), bear, endure
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Cimbrian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

bar

  1. we; us

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “bar” in Umberto Martello Martalar, Alfonso Bellotto, Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Setti Communi vicentini, 1st edition, 1974.

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar m

  1. A bar (business selling beverages)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bibere, present active infinitive of bibō.

Verb[edit]

bar

  1. to drink

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːr/, [b̥ɑːˀ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse berr (bare). Compare Old English bær.

Adjective[edit]

bar (neuter bart, definite and plural bare)

  1. bare, naked
  2. sheer, pure

Etymology 2[edit]

From English bar.

Noun[edit]

bar c (singular definite baren, plural indefinite barer)

  1. bar (business licensed to sell intoxicating beverages, counter of such a premises)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight)

Noun[edit]

bar c (plural indefinite bar)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

Etymology 4[edit]

See bære (to bear, carry).

Verb[edit]

bar

  1. past tense of bære

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Borrowing from English bar.

Noun[edit]

bar m (plural bars, diminutive barretje n)

  1. bar, counter, drink cabinet
  2. bar, pub
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with English barren.

Adjective[edit]

bar (comparative barder, superlative barst)

  1. harsh, tough (used mainly with koude (cold), or omstandigheden (conditions))
  2. barren, inhospitable, bare
  3. crude, grim, unfriendly
Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bar

  1. extremely (only in a negative sense)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined c. 1900.

Noun[edit]

bar

  1. bar: a unit of pressure, equal to 100,000 pascals
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Faroese[edit]

Verb[edit]

bar

  1. he, it bore, carried:: 1st and 3rd person singular past tense form of bera (to bear, to carry)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar m (plural bars)

  1. A bar (establishment)
  2. A bar (counter)
  3. A bass (fish)

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bar (not comparable)

  1. bare

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bar

  1. in cash
  2. pure

Preposition[edit]

bar

  1. without

Synonyms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bar

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bar (1), from Old French barre.

Noun[edit]

bar m (genitive singular bars, nominative plural barir)

  1. bar (establishment offering alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises)
  2. bar (counter at which such beverages are sold or offered)
  3. (by extension) a counter where a buffet or a specialized kind of food is offered
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English bar (2), from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun[edit]

bar n (genitive singular bars, nominative plural bör)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English.

Noun[edit]

bar m (plural bar)

  1. bar (place serving drinks)
    C'è un bar qui vicino? ― Is there a bar nearby?
  2. café

Derived terms[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar m

  1. burden (a heavy load)


This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at burden. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see bar in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) October 2009


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

bar

  1. rafsi of bartu.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *baizaz.

Noun[edit]

bār m

  1. A boar

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bazaz, whence also Old English bær, Old Norse berr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bar

  1. bare

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bazaz, whence also Old English bær, Old Norse berr.

Adjective[edit]

bār

  1. bare

Declension[edit]



Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bar.

Noun[edit]

bar m

  1. bar, lunchon bar, buffet
  2. bar (a long table or counter where drinks are served)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin barium

Noun[edit]

bar m

  1. barium
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), probably borrowed via science literature in another European language.

Noun[edit]

bar m

  1. bar (a unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals)
Declension[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From English bar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar m (plural bares)

  1. pub, bar (drinking establishment, public house)
  2. bar (unit of pressure)

Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

bar f (plural bar)

  1. A garden
  2. A fence

bar m (plural bar)

  1. stone

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bar

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. public house, bar
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened from bàrem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bȁr (Cyrillic spelling ба̏р)

  1. at least

References[edit]

  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bar.

Noun[edit]

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar, pub

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish bar (Old Norse berr). Cognate with English bare. See Old English bær.[1]

Adjective[edit]

bar

  1. bare, uncovered; not covered by e.g. clothes (about people), fur (about certain animals) or a snow cover (about the ground)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See bära.

Verb[edit]

bar

  1. past tense of bära.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English bar.[1]

Noun[edit]

bar c

  1. A bar, pub; place where mainly alcoholic drinks are served.
  2. A (bar) counter
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Originally from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun[edit]

bar c

  1. A bar; a unit of pressure

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 bar in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Armenian պար (par, dance).

Noun[edit]

bar

  1. (dialectal) dance, round dance

References[edit]

  • պար in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • bar in (1963–1982), Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey], in 12 vols, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu

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