sole

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Sole, sołe, søle, and solę

English[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sole, soole, from Old English sāl (a rope, cord, line, bond, rein, door-hinge, necklace, collar), from Proto-Germanic *sailą, *sailaz (rope, cable), *sailō (noose, rein, bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *sey- (to tie to, tie together). Cognate with Scots sale, saile (halter, collar), Dutch zeel (rope, cord, strap), German Seil (rope, cable, wire), Icelandic seil (a string, line). Non-Germanic cognate include Albanian dell (sinew, vein).

Noun[edit]

sole (plural soles)

  1. (dialectal or obsolete) A wooden band or yoke put around the neck of an ox or cow in the stall.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English sol (mire, miry place), from Proto-Germanic *sulą (mire, wallow, mud), from Proto-Indo-European *sūl- (thick liquid). Cognate with Eastern Frisian soal (ditch), Dutch sol (water and mud filled pit), German Suhle (mire, wallow), Norwegian saula, søyla (mud puddle). More at soil.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole (plural soles)

  1. (dialectal, Northern England) A pond or pool; a dirty pond of standing water.

Etymology 3[edit]

From earlier sowle (to pull by the ear). Origin unknown. Perhaps from sow (female pig) +‎ -le, as in the phrase "take a sow by the wrong ear", or from Middle English sole (rope). See above.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sole (third-person singular simple present soles, present participle soling, simple past and past participle soled)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal) To pull by the ears; to pull about; haul; lug.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English sole, soule, from Old French sol, soul (alone), from Latin sōlus (alone, single, solitary, lonely), of unknown origin. Perhaps related to Old Latin sollus (whole, complete), from Proto-Indo-European *solw-, *salw-, *slōw- (safe, healthy). More at save.

Adjective[edit]

sole (not comparable)

  1. only
  2. (law) unmarried (especially of a woman); widowed.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle English sole, soole, from Old English sole, solu (shoe, sandal, sole), from Proto-Germanic *sulô, *suljō (sandal, shoe, sole), from Latin solea (sandal, bottom of the shoe), from Proto-Indo-European *swol- (sole). Cognate with Dutch zool (sole, tread), German Sohle (sole, insole, bottom, floor), Danish sål (sole), Icelandic sóli (sole, outsole), Gothic 𐍃𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰 (sulja, sandal). Related to Latin solum (bottom, ground, soil). More at soil.

Noun[edit]

sole (plural soles)

The sole of a man's foot
  1. The bottom or plantar surface of the foot.
  2. The bottom of a shoe or boot.
    • Arbuthnot
      The caliga was a military shoe, with a very thick sole, tied above the instep.
  3. (obsolete) The foot itself.
    • Bible, Genesis viii. 9
      The dove found no rest for the sole of her foot.
    • Spenser
      Hast wandered through the world now long a day, / Yet ceasest not thy weary soles to lead.
  4. Solea solea, a flatfish of the family Soleidae.
  5. The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing.
    1. The bottom of the body of a plough; the slade.
    2. The bottom of a furrow.
    3. The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts.
    4. (military) The bottom of an embrasure.
    5. (nautical) A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  6. (mining) The seat or bottom of a mine; applied to horizontal veins or lodes.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (bottom of the foot): planta (medical term)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sole (third-person singular simple present soles, present participle soling, simple past and past participle soled)

  1. (transitive) to put a sole on (a shoe or boot)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole c

  1. plural indefinite of sol

Esperanto[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sole

  1. solely

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *sola, from Latin solea.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole f (plural soles)

  1. sole (fish)

External links[edit]


Interlingue[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole

  1. sun

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

The sun1.jpg
Purple sun.png

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sōl, solem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

sole m (plural soli)

  1. sun
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected forms

Adjective[edit]

sole f

  1. feminine plural of solo

Noun[edit]

sole f

  1. plural form of sola

Anagrams[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

sole f (plural soles)

  1. sole

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See sōl.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sōle

  1. ablative singular of sōl

Etymology 2[edit]

See sōlus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sōle

  1. vocative masculine singular of sōlus

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole m

  1. the Sun, the star around which the Earth revolves

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin solus, sola.

Adjective[edit]

sole m, f (plural soles)

  1. alone

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sole

  1. nominative plural of sól
  2. accusative plural of sól
  3. vocative plural of sól
  4. nominative plural of sola
  5. accusative plural of sola
  6. vocative plural of sola
  7. nominative plural of sol
  8. accusative plural of sol
  9. vocative plural of sol