sun

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

The sun
  • (proper noun, star which the Earth revolves around): (capitalized) Sun

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sunne, from Old English sunne, from Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ (compare West Frisian sinne, Low German Sünn, Dutch zon, German Sonne, Icelandic sunna), from heteroclitic inanimate Proto-Indo-European *sh̥₂uén 'sun' (compare Welsh huan, Avestan genitive [script?] (xᵛə̄ṇg)), oblique of *sóh₂wl̥. More at solar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

the Sun

  1. The star that the Earth revolves around and from which it receives light and warmth.[1]
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sun (plural suns)

  1. (astronomy) A star,[1] especially when seen as the centre of any single solar system.
  2. The light and warmth which is received from the sun.[1]
    • Shakespeare
      Lambs that did frisk in the sun.
  3. Something like the sun in brightness or splendor.[2]
    • Bible, Psalms lxxiv. 11
      For the Lord God is a sun and shield.
    • Eikon Basilike
      I will never consent to put out the sun of sovereignity to posterity.
  4. (chiefly literary) Sunrise or sunset.[2]
    • 1609-11, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act III, Scene 2:
      Imogen: [] Pr'ythee, speak, / How many score of miles may we well ride / 'Twixt hour and hour / Pisanio: One score, 'twixt sun and sun, / Madam, 's enough for you; and too much too. / Imogen: Why, one that rode to his execution, man, / Could never go so slow.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, p.184 (republished 1832):
      whilst many an hunger-starved poor creature pines in the street, wants clothes to cover him, labours hard all day long, runs, rides for a trifle, fights peradventure from sun to sun, sick and ill, weary, full of pain and grief, is in great distress and sorrow of heart.
    • 1849, Henry David Thoreau, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, published 1873, page 357:
      I love these sons of earth every mother's son of them, with their great hearty hearts rushing tumultuously in herds from spectacle to spectacle, as if fearful lest there should not be time between sun and sun to see them all, and the sun does not wait more than in haying-time.
    • 1962, Harry S. Truman, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, page 651:
      You see, the President has five jobs, any one of which would be more than a full-time job for one man; but I have to do all five of them between sun and sun.
    • 1997, Alan Dean Foster, Howling Stones, page 149:
      “Tomorrow at first sun.” Not being much of a morning person, she winced internally. “First sun?” “It is the proper time, when the flowers of the pohoroh first open to the light.”

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

sun (third-person singular simple present suns, present participle sunning, simple past and past participle sunned)

  1. (transitive) To expose to the warmth and radiation of the sun.[2]
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
      Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines. A silver snaffle on a heavy leather watch guard which connected the pockets of his corduroy waistcoat, together with a huge gold stirrup in his Ascot tie, sufficiently proclaimed his tastes.
    Beautiful bodies lying on the beach, sunning their bronzed limbs.
  2. (transitive) To warm or dry in the sunshine.[2]
  3. (intransitive) To be exposed to the sun.[1]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 The Illustrated Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1998
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Webster's College Dictionary, Random House, 2001

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Bambara[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

sun

  1. trunk (of tree)
Usage[edit]

Often used in a compound with the name of a tree to indicate that kind of tree.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic صَوْم (ṣawm, fasting; abstaining from food, drink, and sex), from Classical Syriac ܨܘܡܐ (ṣawmāʾ)

Noun[edit]

sun

  1. fasting (during the month of Ramadan)

Noun[edit]

sun

  1. to fast

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sun

  1. (coordinating) A coordinating conjunction expressing generality
    En nyt jouda, kun tässä on sitä sun tätä tekemistä.
    I don't have time for that because I have this and that to do (miscellaneous stuff/things to do).
    Lautanen oli täynnä makaroonilaatikkoa, makkaraa, salaattia, perunamuussia sun muuta pöperöä.
    The plate was full of macaroni casserole, sausage, salad, mashed potatoes and other grub.

Etymology 2[edit]

From the standard language form sinun (your, yours)

Pronoun[edit]

sun

  1. (colloquial) Genitive form of .

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sonus.

Noun[edit]

sun m (plural suns)

  1. sound
  2. music

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Inari Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sun

  1. (personal) he or she

Kaingang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sun

  1. to warm oneself by staying near a fire[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “sun” in Editora Esperança, Dicionário Kaingang-Português Português-Kaingang, Ursula Gojtéj Wiesemann, 2nd edition, 2011, page 83.

Ladin[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sun

  1. on, over
  2. in

Verb[edit]

sun

  1. Alternative form of son.

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

sun

  1. rafsi of stuna.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of sūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of sǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of sùn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz. Cognates include West Frisian sân.

Noun[edit]

sun n (plural sun)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) sand

Derived terms[edit]


Quiripi[edit]

Noun[edit]

sun

  1. (Unquachog) stone

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

sun

  1. first-person singular present tense form of suna.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of suna.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from Latin sonus, or from the verb suna.

Noun[edit]

sun n (plural sunuri)

  1. (archaic) sound
Synonyms[edit]

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sunne, from Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ, from heteroclitic inanimate Proto-Indo-European *séh₂wl, genitive *sh₂uln-ós (of the sun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sun (plural suns)

  1. sun

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sun

  1. (intransitive) to shrink
  2. (transitive) to pull together
    sun vai
    to pull one’s shoulders together

References[edit]