sinä

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See also: sina

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: si‧nä
  • IPA(key): [ˈsinæ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *cinä. From the same base as the plural pronoun te, the possessive suffixes -si and -nne and the first-person verb endings -t and -tte.

Pronoun[edit]

sinä (stem sinu-)

  1. (personal) you (second person singular, familiar), (in archaic English) thou.
Declension[edit]
  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms don't exist; the abessive is hardly used.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, sinä and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, sinut.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Depending on the context, the pronoun can sometimes be omitted in written language if the text remains fluent – the pronoun is in spoken language practically always used, though in different (abovementioned) dialectic variants. (cf. the usage of te, "you" (pl.))
  • As in many other European languages, the second person plural te is used in formal contexts or when addressing an unfamiliar elderly person (see teititellä). However, this custom is not anymore as usual as elsewhere in Europe in everyday life – there is from time to time discussion whether this custom is inconvenient in modern society. However, a safe way to start conversation with an unfamiliar person, especially with an elderly person, is saying "te".
  • When addressing another person in writing, Sinä is often capitalized.
Synonyms[edit]
  • sa (archaic, poetic)
  • sie (dialectal)
  • (colloquial)
  • sää (dialectal)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sinä

  1. (demonstrative) Essive singular form of se.

Anagrams[edit]


Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *cinä.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: si‧nä
  • IPA(key): [ˈsinæ]

Pronoun[edit]

sinä

  1. (personal) you.

Declension[edit]