From Middle English crien, from Old French crier, ("to announce publicly, proclaim, scream, shout"; > Medieval Latin crīdāre (“to cry out, shout, publish, proclaim”)), from Frankish *krītan (“to cry, cry out, publish”), from Proto-Germanic *krītaną (“to cry out, shout”), from Proto-Indo-European *greyd- (“to shout”). Cognate with Dutch krijten (“to cry”), Middle Low German krīten (“to cry, call out, shriek”), German kreißen (“to cry loudly, wail, groan”), Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kreitan, “to cry, scream, call out”), Middle Irish grith (“a cry”), Welsh gryd (“a scream”).
Alternate etymology connects the Medieval Latin word to Latin queri (“to complain”) through the form quiritare (“to wail, shriek”), though the phonetic and semantic developments are difficult to trace.
Middle English crien eventually displaced native Middle English galen (“to cry out”) (from Old English galan), Middle English greden (“to cry out”) (from Old English grǣdan), Middle English yermen (“to bellow, mourn, lament”) (from Old English ġierman), Middle English hooen, hoen (“to cry out”) (from Old Norse hōa), Middle English remen (“to cry, shout”) (from Old English hrīeman, compare Old English hrēam (“noise, outcry, lamentation, alarm”)), Middle English greten, graten (“to weep, cry, lament”) (from Old English grǣtan and Old Norse grāta). More at greet, regret.
- (intransitive) To shed tears; to weep.
- That sad movie always makes me cry.
- (transitive) To utter loudly; to call out; to declare publicly.
- All, all, cry shame against ye, yet I'll speak.
- The man […] ran on, crying, Life! life! Eternal life!
- (transitive, intransitive) To shout, scream, yell.
- (intransitive) To utter inarticulate sounds, as animals do.
- Bible, Psalms cxlvii. 9
- the young ravens which cry
- In a cowslip's bell I lie / There I couch when owls do cry.
- Bible, Psalms cxlvii. 9
- (transitive) To cause to do something, or bring to some state, by crying or weeping.
- to cry oneself to sleep
- To make oral and public proclamation of; to notify or advertise by outcry, especially things lost or found, goods to be sold, etc.
- to cry goods
- Love is lost, and thus she cries him.
- Hence, to publish the banns of, as for marriage.
- I should not be surprised if they were cried in church next Sabbath.
cry (plural cries)
- A shedding of tears; the act of crying.
- After we broke up, I retreated to my room for a good cry.
- A shout or scream.
- I heard a cry from afar.
- Words shouted or screamed.
- a battle cry
- (collectively) A group of hounds.
- (transitive, intransitive, of an animal) A typical sound made by the species in question.
- "Woof" is the cry of a dog, while "neigh" is the cry of a horse.
- A desperate or urgent request.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- “cry” in An American Dictionary of the English Language, by Noah Webster, 1828.
- cry in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- cry in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
cry m (plural crys)
- French: cri