cry

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English crien, from Old French crier, ("to announce publicly, proclaim, scream, shout"; > Medieval Latin crīdāre (to cry out, shout, publish, proclaim)), from Frankish *krītan (to cry, cry out, publish), from Proto-Germanic *krītaną (to cry out, shout), from Proto-Indo-European *greyd- (to shout). Cognate with Dutch krijten (to cry), Middle Low German krīten (to cry, call out, shriek), German kreißen (to cry loudly, wail, groan), Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kreitan, to cry, scream, call out), Middle Irish grith (a cry), Welsh gryd (a scream).

Verb[edit]

cry (third-person singular simple present cries, present participle crying, simple past and past participle cried)

a woman crying (1)
  1. (intransitive) To shed tears; to weep.
    That sad movie always makes me cry.
  2. (transitive) To utter loudly; to call out; to declare publicly.
    • Shakespeare
      All, all, cry shame against ye, yet I'll speak.
    • Bunyan
      The man [] ran on, crying, Life! life! Eternal life!
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To shout, scream, yell.
  4. (intransitive) To utter inarticulate sounds, as animals do.
    • Bible, Psalms cxlvii. 9
      the young ravens which cry
    • Shakespeare
      In a cowslip's bell I lie / There I couch when owls do cry.
  5. (transitive) To cause to do something, or bring to some state, by crying or weeping.
    to cry oneself to sleep
  6. To make oral and public proclamation of; to notify or advertise by outcry, especially things lost or found, goods to be sold, etc.
    to cry goods
    • Crashaw
      Love is lost, and thus she cries him.
  7. Hence, to publish the banns of, as for marriage.
    • Judd
      I should not be surprised if they were cried in church next Sabbath.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

cry (plural cries)

  1. A shedding of tears; the act of crying.
    After we broke up, I retreated to my room for a good cry.
  2. A shout or scream.
    I heard a cry from afar.
  3. Words shouted or screamed.
    a battle cry
  4. (collectively) A group of hounds.
  5. (transitive, intransitive, of an animal) A typical sound made by the species in question.
    "Woof" is the cry of a dog, while "neigh" is the cry of a horse.
  6. A desperate or urgent request.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French cri

Noun[edit]

cry m (plural crys)

  1. cry; shout

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Verb[edit]

tae cry (third-person singular simple present cries, present participle cryin, simple past cried, past participle cried)

  1. to call, to give a name to
    • A body whit studies the history is cried a historian an aw.