Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
叫-bw.png
Stroke order
叫-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女中 (RVL), four-corner 64000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 573, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53EB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (叫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古弔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/ /kieuH/ /keuH/ /keuH/ /kɛwH/ /kieuH/ /keuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiào ‹ kewH › /*kˤewk-s/ shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6918 3 /*kiːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be called
    什么名字 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    jiào shénme míngzì? [Pinyin]
    What is your name?
    什么 [MSC, trad.]
    什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè jiào shénme? [Pinyin]
    How do you call this? / What is it called?
  2. to call, to name
    我們經常綽號 / 我们经常绰号  ―  wǒmen jīngcháng jiào tā de chuòhào  ―  We often call him by his nickname.
    可以戴夫 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ kěyǐ jiào tā Dàifū ma? [Pinyin]
    May I call him Dave?
  3. to call (someone)
    警察  ―  jiào jǐngchá  ―  to call the police
    要是需要什么 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Yàoshì xūyào shénme, wǒ jiù jiào nǐ. [Pinyin]
    I' ll call you if anything is needed.
  4. to cry, to shout
      ―  gǒujiào  ―  bark
    高興起來投入母親懷抱 [MSC, trad.]
    高兴起来投入母亲怀抱 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gāoxīng dì jiào qǐlái, tóurù le tā mǔqīn de huáibào. [Pinyin]
    With a cry of joy, she fell into her mother's arms.
  5. to hail, to greet
  6. to ask, to order
    家裡 [MSC, trad.]
    家里 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiào tā dài zài jiālǐ. [Pinyin]
    Ask her to stay home.
    醫生休息 [MSC, trad.]
    医生休息 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīshēng jiào tā xiūxī jī tiān. [Pinyin]
    The doctor told him to lay off a couple of days.
  7. to hire, to call (a taxi), to order (in a restaurant, in a shop)
    什么還是 [MSC, trad.]
    什么还是 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gěi nǐ jiào shénme cài? Ròu pái háishì yú? [Pinyin]
    What shall I order for you? Steak or fish?
  8. (used in a passive sentence to introduce the agent) by
    莊稼大水 [MSC, trad.]
    庄稼大水 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhuāngjià jiào dàshuǐ chōng pǎo le. [Pinyin]
    The crops were washed away by the flood.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (to call, to be called): when used for a person, 叫 refer to surname and / or name.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (xìng, “to be surnamed”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 哀叫 (あいきょう, aikyō)
  • 熱叫 (ねっきょう, nekkyō)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiếu, kêu, kíu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.