hail

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English haile, hail, from Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz (compare West Frisian heil, Low German Hagel, Dutch hagel, German Hagel, Danish hagl). Either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold) (compare Old Norse héla (frost)).

Root-cognates outside of Germanic include Welsh caill (testicle), Breton kell (testicle), Lithuanian šešėlis (shade, shadow), Ancient Greek κάχληξ (kákhlēks, pebble), Albanian çakëll (pebble), Sanskrit शिशिर (śiśira, cool, cold).

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. Balls or pieces of ice falling as precipitation, often in connection with a thunderstorm.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (impersonal) Said of the weather when hail is falling.
    They say it's going to hail tomorrow.
  2. (transitive) to send or release hail
    The cloud would hail down furiously within a few minutes.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The adjective hail is a variant of hale (health, safety) (from the early 13th century). The transitive verb with the meaning "to salute" is also from the 13th century. The cognate verb heal is already Old English (hǣlan), from Proto-Germanic *hailijaną (to make healthy, whole, to heal). Also cognate is whole, from Old English hāl (the spelling with wh- is unetymological, introduced in the 15th century).

Verb[edit]

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (transitive) to greet; give salutation to; salute.
  2. (transitive) To name; to designate; to call.
    • Milton
      And such a son as all men hailed me happy.
    He was hailed as a hero.
  3. (transitive) to call out loudly in order to gain the attention of
    Hail a taxi.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail (comparative more hail, superlative most hail)

  1. (obsolete) Healthy, whole, safe.

Interjection[edit]

hail

  1. An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting.
    • Shakespeare
      Hail, brave friend.

Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English hāl (healthy, safe), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, safe, sound), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail (comparative hailer, superlative hailest)

  1. whole
  2. free or recovered from disease, healthy, wholesome
  3. (of people, parts of the body, etc.) free from injury, safe, sound, unhurt
  4. (of material objects and of time, numbers etc.) whole, entire, complete, sound, unbroken, undamaged
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (plural hails)

  1. the whole, the whole amount or number

Verb[edit]

tae hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailin, simple past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. to heal, cure

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tae hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailin, simple past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. (sports) to drive the ball through the goal, etc.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (plural hails)

  1. (sports) goal, the shout when a goal is scored, the goal area

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz, either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hail (uncountable)

  1. (weather) hail, hailstones
  2. small shot, pellets
Derived terms[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hail

  1. Mutated form of ail (second).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ail unchanged unchanged hail