ܫܠܡܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ʃ-l-m/) related to completing, from Proto-Semitic *šalām-. Cognates include Arabic سَلَام (salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (šālôm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑme(ʔ)] (plural)

Interjection[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ m (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. peace, wholeness, perfection, completeness
  2. health, welfare, safety, prosperity
  3. greeting, salutation, salute
  4. (Christianity) pax, kiss of peace
  5. (ecclesiastical) invocation of peace, pax vobiscum
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ʃ-l-m/) related to completing; compare Hebrew שָׁלֵם (šālēm). The sense of "strong plural" is a calque of Arabic سَالِم (sālim).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃalmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃalme(ʔ)] (plural)

Adjective[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ m (plural ܫܠܡܐ ; singular feminine counterpart ܫܠܡܬܐ)

  1. peaceful, harmonious
  2. whole, perfect, unblemished, complete, entire, full, achieved
  3. healthy, well, safe, sound, prosperous
  4. common, accessible
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ m (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. (grammar) strong plural (as opposed to a broken plural)
  2. holocaust, sacrifice, burnt offering
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlmɑ(ʔ)] (singular senses)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlme(ʔ)] (plural sense)

Participle[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ

  1. peal feminine absolute singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  2. peal masculine emphatic singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  3. peal masculine emphatic plural active participle of ܫܠܡ

References[edit]

  • "$lm" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, pp. 370b, 371a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 582a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 1567b-1568a