ܫܠܡܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ʃ-l-m/) related to completing, from Proto-Semitic *šalām-. Cognates include Arabic سَلَام (salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (šālôm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑme(ʔ)] (plural)

Interjection[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. peace, wholeness, perfection, completeness
  2. health, welfare, safety, prosperity
  3. greeting, salutation, salute
  4. (Christianity) pax, kiss of peace
  5. (ecclesiastical) invocation of peace, pax vobiscum
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ʃ-l-m/) related to completing; compare Hebrew שָׁלֵם (šālēm). The sense of "strong plural" is a calque of Arabic سَالِم (sālim).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃalmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃalme(ʔ)] (plural)

Adjective[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܫܠܡܬܐ)

  1. peaceful, harmonious
  2. whole, perfect, unblemished, complete, entire, full, achieved
  3. healthy, well, safe, sound, prosperous
  4. common, accessible
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. (grammar) strong plural (as opposed to a broken plural)
  2. holocaust, sacrifice, burnt offering
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlmɑ(ʔ)] (singular senses)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlme(ʔ)] (plural sense)

Participle[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. peal feminine absolute singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  2. peal masculine emphatic singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  3. peal masculine emphatic plural active participle of ܫܠܡ

References[edit]

  • "$lm" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, pp. 370b, 371a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 582a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 1567b-1568a