שלום

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šalām-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שָׁלוֹם (shalómm (no plural forms)

  1. (uncountable) peace
    • Leviticus 26:6, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וְנָתַתִּי שָׁלוֹם בָּאָרֶץ וּשְׁכַבְתֶּם וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי חַיָּה רָעָה מִן־הָאָרֶץ וְחֶרֶב לֹא־תַעֲבֹר בְּאַרְצְכֶם׃
      v'natatí shalóm ba'árets ush'khavtém v'éin makharíd v'hisbatí khayá ra'á min-ha'árets v'khérev lo-ta'avór b'arts'khém.
      And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will cause evil beasts to cease out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
  2. (uncountable) rest, quietude
    שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם!shabát shalóm! ― Peaceful Sabbath!
  3. (uncountable) well-being, welfare
    מַה שְּׁלוֹמְךָ?má sh'lom'khá? ― How are you?
    • 2 Kings 4:26, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      עַתָּה רוּץ־נָא לִקְרָאתָהּ וֶאֱמָר־לָהּ הֲשָׁלוֹם לָךְ הֲשָׁלוֹם לְאִישֵׁךְ הֲשָׁלוֹם לַיָּלֶד וַתֹּאמֶר שָׁלוֹם׃
      'atá ruts-ná lik'ratáh ve'emor-láh ha-shalóm lákh ha-shalóm l'ishékh ha-shalóm layéled vatómer shalóm.
      Run, I pray thee, now to meet her, and say unto her: ‘Is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child?’ And she answered: ‘It is well.’

Interjection[edit]

שָׁלוֹם (shalóm)

  1. (conventional greeting) hello
  2. goodbye

Proper noun[edit]

שָׁלוֹם (shalómm

  1. A title of God.

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalóm, peace).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Litvish) IPA(key): [ˈʃɔ.ləm]
  • (Poylish) IPA(key): [ˈʃuː.ləm]
  • (Ukraynish) IPA(key): [ˈʃu.ləm]

Noun[edit]

שלום (sholemm

  1. peace
  2. A greeting

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

שלום (sholemm

  1. A male given name: Shalom

See also[edit]