caill

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish coillid (destroys), from coll (destruction), from Proto-Celtic *koldo- (compare Welsh coll (defect, loss)), from Proto-Indo-European *kold- (strike, cut) (compare Old English healtian (limp)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

caill (present analytic cailleann, future analytic caillfidh, verbal noun cailleadh, past participle caillte)

  1. lose
  2. (euphemistic) die (in autonomous forms)
    Cailleadh sa chogadh é. ― “He died in the war” (literally “He was lost in the war”)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caill chaill gcaill
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

caill f (genitive caille)

  1. forest, wood, woodland

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
caill chaill caill
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kaiʎ/, /kʰaiʎ/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish coillid (destroys), from coll (destruction), from Proto-Celtic *koldo-, from Proto-Indo-European *kold- (strike, cut).

Verb[edit]

caill (past chaill, future caillidh, verbal noun call, past participle caillte)

  1. lose
  2. miss (train, etc.)
  3. forfeit
  4. (obsolete) name, call
  5. (obsolete) emasculate

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

caill m

  1. (anatomy, obsolete) testicle

Welsh[edit]

Welsh Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia cy

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caill f (plural ceilliau)

  1. (anatomy) testicle

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caill gaill nghaill chaill

Derived terms[edit]