град

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gordos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰordʰ-o-, *ǵʰortós.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. town, city
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. hail, hailstorm
Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

град (gradm

  1. city, town
  2. hail

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-. Cognate with Lithuanian grúodas (Balto-Slavic *grōda-), Latin grandō, Old Armenian կարկուտ (karkut), Old Indic *hrādúniṣ, and possibly with English grind.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan

  1. (meteorology) hail
  2. (meteorology) shower, rain
  3. volley, shower
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic градъ (grádŭ), which is a reflex of Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place), whence also Russian город (górod) was normally inherited by pleophony. Old Church Slavonic word shows liquid metathesis characteristic of South Slavic area.

Noun[edit]

град (gradm inan

  1. (pоetic, antiquated) town, city, used as a common city name suffix (Волгоград, Калининград, Ленинград)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin gradus.

Abbreviation[edit]

град. (градус, grádus)

  1. degree

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gordъ (settlement, enclosed place), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gordos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰordʰos, *ǵʰortós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. city, town
  2. fortress, castle
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̏д m (Latin spelling grȁd)

  1. hail
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin gradus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

гра̑д m (Latin spelling grȃd)

  1. (mathematics) gradian
  2. degree (measuring unit in various systems; the more usual and general term is сте̏пе̄н or сту̑пањ)
Declension[edit]