summons

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French sumunce (modern French semonce), from popular Latin *summonsa, a noun use of the feminine past participle of summoneō, summonēre (to summon).

Noun[edit]

summons (plural summonses)

  1. A call to do something, especially to come.
    • Hallam
      special summonses by the king
    • Bishop Fell
      this summons [] unfit either to dispute or disobey
    • Sir J. Hayward
      He sent to summon the seditious, and to offer pardon; but neither summons nor pardon was regarded.
  2. (law) A notice summoning someone to appear in court, as a defendant, juror or witness.
  3. (military) A demand for surrender.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

summons (third-person singular simple present summonses, present participle summonsing, simple past and past participle summonsed)

  1. (transitive) To serve someone with a summons.
    • 2007, It proposes that those held in the prototype Selfridges cells be kept for a maximum of four hours to have their identity confirmed and be charged, summonsed or given a fine. — The Guardian, 15 Mar 2007, p. 1

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected forms.

Verb[edit]

summons

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of summon