justice

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See also: Justice

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English justice from Old French justise, justice (Modern French justice), from Latin iustitia 'righteousness, equity', from iustus "just", from ius 'right', from Old Latin ious, perhaps literally "sacred formula", a word peculiar to Latin (not general Italic) that originated in the religious cults, from Proto-Indo-European *yews-. Replaced native Middle English rightwished, rightwisnes "justice" (from Old English rihtwīsnes "justice, righteousness", compare Old English ġerihte "justice").

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

justice (usually uncountable, plural justices)

  1. The state or characteristic of being just or fair.
    the justice of a description
    • Shakespeare
      This even-handed justice / Commends the ingredients of our poisoned chalice / To our own lips.
  2. The ideal of fairness, impartiality, etc., especially with regard to the punishment of wrongdoing.
    Justice was served.
  3. Judgment and punishment of a party who has allegedly wronged another.
    to demand justice
  4. The civil power dealing with law.
    Ministry of Justice
    the justice system
  5. A judge of certain courts. Also capitalized as a title.
    Mr. Justice Krever presides over the appellate court
  6. Correctness, conforming to reality or rules.

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Translations[edit]

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin iustitia, from iustus "just", from ius "right"

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

justice f (plural justices)

  1. justice

Derived terms[edit]

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Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French justise, justice, from Latin iūstitia (righteousness, equity), from iūstus (just), from iūs (right), from Proto-Indo-European *yewes-.

Noun[edit]

justice f (plural justices)

  1. justice

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

justice f (oblique plural justices, nominative singular justice, nominative plural justices)

  1. Alternative form of justise.