bank

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See also: Bank and bänk

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English banke, from Middle French banque, from Old Italian banca (counter, moneychanger's bench or table), from Lombardic bank (bench, counter), from Proto-Germanic *bankiz (bench, counter), from Proto-Indo-European *bheg- (to turn, curve, bend, bow). Cognate with Old High German banc, banch (counter, bench), Old English benc (bench). More at bench.

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. An institution where one can place and borrow money and take care of financial affairs.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71: 
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. [] Banks and credit-card firms are kept out of the picture. Talk to enough people in the field and someone is bound to mention the “democratisation of finance”.
  2. A branch office of such an institution.
  3. An underwriter or controller of a card game; also banque.
  4. A fund from deposits or contributions, to be used in transacting business; a joint stock or capital.
    • Francis Bacon
      Let it be no bank or common stock, but every man be master of his own money.
  5. (gambling) The sum of money etc. which the dealer or banker has as a fund from which to draw stakes and pay losses.
  6. In certain games, such as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw.
  7. A safe and guaranteed place of storage for and retrieval of important items or goods.
    blood banksperm bankdata bank
  8. A device used to store coins or currency.
    If you want to buy a bicycle, you need to put the money in your piggy bank.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (controller of a card game): banker
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (intransitive) To deal with a bank or financial institution.
    He banked with Barclays.
  2. (transitive) To put into a bank.
    I'm going to bank the money.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English banke, from Old English hōbanca (couch) and Old English banc (bank, hillock, embankment), from Proto-Germanic *bankô. Akin to Old Norse bakki (elevation, hill).

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. (hydrology) An edge of river, lake, or other watercourse.
    • Shakespeare
      Tiber trembled underneath her banks.
    • 2014, Ian Jack, "Is this the end of Britishness", The Guardian, 16 September 2014:
      Just upstream of Dryburgh Abbey, a reproduction of a classical Greek temple stands at the top of a wooded hillock on the river’s north bank.
  2. (nautical, hydrology) An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shallow area of shifting sand, gravel, mud, and so forth (for example, a sandbank or mudbank).
    the banks of Newfoundland
  3. (geography) A slope of earth, sand, etc.; an embankment.
  4. (aviation) The incline of an aircraft, especially during a turn.
  5. (rail transport) An incline, a hill.
  6. A mass noun for a quantity of clouds.
    The bank of clouds on the horizon announced the arrival of the predicted storm front.
  7. (mining) The face of the coal at which miners are working.
  8. (mining) A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level.
  9. (mining) The ground at the top of a shaft.
    Ores are brought to bank.
Translations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (intransitive, aviation) To roll or incline laterally in order to turn.
  2. (transitive) To cause (an aircraft) to bank.
  3. (transitive) To form into a bank or heap, to bank up.
    to bank sand
  4. (transitive) To cover the embers of a fire with ashes in order to retain heat.
  5. (transitive) To raise a mound or dike about; to enclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank.
    • Holland
      banked well with earth
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To pass by the banks of.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Middle English bank (bank), banke, from Old French banc (bench), from Frankish *bank. Akin to Old English benc (bench).

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. A row or panel of items stored or grouped together.
    a bank of switches
    a bank of pay phones
    • 2011 December 10, Marc Higginson, “Bolton 1 - 2 Aston Villa”, BBC Sport:
      Wanderers were finally woken from their slumber when Kevin Davies brought a fine save out of Brad Guzan while, minutes after the restart, Klasnic was blocked out by a bank of Villa defenders.
  2. A row of keys on a musical keyboard or the equivalent on a typewriter keyboard.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (transitive, order and arrangement) To arrange or order in a row.

Etymology 4[edit]

Probably from French banc. Of German origin, and akin to English bench.

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars.
    • Waller
      Placed on their banks, the lusty Trojans sweep / Neptune's smooth face, and cleave the yielding deep.
  2. A bench or seat for judges in court.
  3. The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at nisi prius, or a court held for jury trials. See banc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  4. (archaic, printing) A kind of table used by printers.
  5. (music) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank

  1. bank (financial institution)

Declension[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French banque, from Italian banco (bench).

Noun[edit]

bank c (singular definite banken, plural indefinite banker)

  1. bank (financial institution, branch office, controller of a game, a safe and guaranteed place of storage)
Derived terms[edit]
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Bank (bench).

Noun[edit]

bank c

  1. only used in certain expressions
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank n (singular definite banket, plural indefinite bank)

  1. knock (an abrupt rapping sound)
  2. (pl) a beating
Synonyms[edit]
Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

bank

  1. Imperative of banke.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch banc, from Old Dutch *bank, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank m, f (plural banken, diminutive bankje n)

  1. bank (financial institution)
  2. couch, sofa, bench
  3. place where seashells are found
  4. shallow part of the sea near the coast

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank (plural bankok)

  1. bank (financial institution)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Maltese[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank m (plural banek)

  1. bank

Noun[edit]

bank m (plural bankijiet)

  1. bench

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. the bank of a river or lake

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Italian banca, banco, via French banque

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank m (definite singular banken, indefinite plural banker, definite plural bankene)

  1. a bank (financial institution)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Italian banca, banco, via French banque

Noun[edit]

bank m (definite singular banken, indefinite plural bankar, definite plural bankane)

  1. a bank (financial institution)

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank m (plural banki)

  1. bank

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • bank” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank c

  1. a bank (financial institution, branch of such an institution)
  2. a bank (place of storage)
  3. a bank (of a river of lake)
  4. a sandbank

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French banc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑŋk/
  • Hyphenation: bank

Noun[edit]

bank (definite accusative bankı, plural banklar)

  1. bench (long seat)

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

bank (plural banks)

  1. bank (financial institution)

Declension[edit]