mal

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French mal (illness).

Noun[edit]

mal (plural mals)

  1. (only in set phrases) illness, affliction.
    a grand mal seizure
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortening of malibu.

Noun[edit]

mal (plural mals)

  1. (surfing) A longboard (type of surfboard).

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sq

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *mala, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥Hdʰo (compare Old English molda ‘forehead’, Greek blythrós ‘lofty’, Avestan ka-mərɘðo ‘demon's head’). Semantic development went from ‘head’ to ‘summit’ (compare malë ‘tongue tip, tree top’) to ‘mountain’. Cf. also Romanian and Aromanian mal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (indefinite plural male, definite singular mali, definite plural malet)

  1. mount
  2. mountain

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Albanian mal or related to it as a paleo-Balkanic substrate term. Compare Daco-Romanian mal.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. shore
  2. pile, heap

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of male

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal f (plural mallen, diminutive malletje n)

  1. mold, cast (device to help creating shapes)

Adjective[edit]

mal (comparative maller, superlative malst)

  1. funny, crazy, lacking common sense

Usage notes[edit]

The adjective mal always refers to an aspect of a thing or person. It is the adjective form of the noun mallerd.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French mal, from Latin malus, derived from Proto-Indo-European *mel- (bad, wrong). Near cognates include Portuguese mal, Italian male and Spanish malo.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural maux)

  1. trouble, difficulty
    J'ai du mal à m'imaginer cela. (“I have trouble imagining that.”)
  2. pain
    J'ai mal à la tête. (“I have a headache.” Literally, “I have pain at the head.”)
  3. evil
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly
    C'est mal fait. (“It's done badly.”)

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. (in set phrases and limited constructions) bad
    bon an, mal an
    bon gré, mal gré
    Il est mal de [infinitive]
    C'est mal de [infinitive]
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin malum.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. misfortune
  2. bad; evil
  3. sickness

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal m sg

  1. (before the noun) apocopic form of malo

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. times; indicating multiplication of two numbers
    sechs mal sieben ist zweiundvierzig
    six times seven is forty-two6 × 7 = 42
  2. (informal) short for einmal, once
  3. (colloquial) short for einmal, indicates that something is needed; can replace bitte in very informal situations
    Haben Sie ’ne Uhr? (’Do you have a clock?’) - Could be interpreted as an implication that the person asked is unreliable
    Haben Sie mal ’ne Uhr? - Indicates that the question is asked because the asker is in need of a clock rather than for other reasons
    Haste Feuer? (D’ya have fire? (i.e. a lighter)) - More likely to be asked when the asker has a lighter himself and wants to offer it
    Haste mal Feuer? - The asker needs a lighter but doesn’t have one.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. Imperative singular of malen.
  2. (colloquial)First-person singular present of malen.

External links[edit]

  • mal in Duden online

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From mala (to purr).

Noun[edit]

mal n

  1. purr
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See malur.

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. indefinite accusative singular of malur

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus

Adjective[edit]

mal (comparative plus mal, superlative le plus mal)

  1. bad
  2. evil

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparative plus mal, superlative le plus mal)

  1. badly, poorly
  2. wrongfully

Noun[edit]

mal (plural males)

  1. bad, badness, something bad
  2. evil
  3. illness
  4. pain, ache

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (invariable)

  1. apocopic form of male

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal f

  1. home, house

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of malt
  2. 2nd person singular imperative form of malt

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

mal

  1. rafsi of mabla.

Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural maulx)

  1. bad act

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mal, from Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. (Guernsey) badly

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. (Guernsey) bad

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch

Noun[edit]

mal m (definite singular malen, indefinite plural maler, definite plural malene)

  1. a template

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of male

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch

Noun[edit]

mal m (definite singular malen, indefinite plural malar, definite plural malane)

  1. a template

References[edit]


Novial[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. bad

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus.

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. evilly
  2. badly; poorly

Noun[edit]

mal m (oblique plural maus or max or mals, nominative singular maus or max or mals, nominative plural mal)

  1. evil
  2. pain, suffering

Adjective[edit]

mal

  1. bad (undesirable; not good)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: mal (adverb and noun)

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin male (badly; wrongly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mal

  1. badly

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese mal, from Latin male (badly; wrongly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparatives mais mal, pior superlative o mais mal)

  1. badly (in a faulty, dysfunctional or incorrect manner)
    O carro está funcionando bem mal.
    The car is running pretty badly.
    João fala inglês mal.
    John speaks English badly.
  2. (preceding verbs) hardly; barely
    Ele mal consegue estudar com todo esse barulho.
    He can hardly study with all this noise.
  3. wrong (incorrect)
    A resposta está mal.
    The answer is wrong.
  4. unfavourably (in an unfavourable manner)
    Penso mal de ti.
    I think unfavourably of you.
    Ele fala mal de ti.
    He speaks unfavourably of you.
  5. (in compounds) evilly
    mal-assombrado
    haunted (literally: evilly-shadowed)
    mal-agourado
    cursed (literally: evilly-foreboded)

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

mal

  1. have/had just; have/had barely
    Mal saí quando a encontrei.
    I had barely gone out when I found her.

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. (uncountable) evil (malevolent forces or behaviour)
    As forças do mal cercaram o castelo.
    The forces of evil sieged the castle.
  2. harm
    Ela não fez por mal.
    She meant no harm.
    Não faz mal.
    No problem. (It does not matter.)
  3. malady (any ailment or disease, especially a lingering one)
    mal de Parkinson
    Parkinson’s disease
    Males como a SIDA e pneumonia são mortais.
    Illnesses such as AIDS and pneumonia are deadly.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dacian *mal-. Compare Aromanian mal, meal. Cf. also Albanian mal.

Noun[edit]

mal n (plural maluri)

  1. shore

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *malъ, from Proto-Indo-European *moh₁los.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mȃl (definite mȃlī, comparative mȁnjī, Cyrillic spelling ма̑л)

  1. small

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Apocopic form of malo, from Latin malus, derived from Proto-Indo-European *mel- (bad, wrong).

Adjective[edit]

mal m (apocopate, standard form malo)

  1. (before the noun) apocopic form of malo bad; evil
Usage notes[edit]

The adjective form mal is only used before a masculine singular noun. In other positions, malo is used instead.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin male.

Adverb[edit]

mal (comparative peor)

  1. badly; poorly

Noun[edit]

mal m (plural males)

  1. evil, harm; a bad thing or situation
    de mal en peor — “from bad to worse”

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mal c

  1. moth
  2. wels catfish (Silurus glanis)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

mal

  1. imperative of mala.
  2. present tense of mala.

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مال (māl, property).

Noun[edit]

mal

  1. assets
  2. (slang) stupid person
  3. (slang) prostitute