poor

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See also: pöör

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English povre, povere, from Old French (and Anglo-Norman) povre, poure (Modern French pauvre), from Latin pauper, from Old Latin *pavo-pars (getting little), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₁w- (smallness). Cognate with Old English fēawa (little, few). Displaced native Middle English earm, arm (poor) (from Old English earm; See arm), Middle English wantsum, wantsome (poor, needy) (from Old Norse vant (deficiency, lack, want), Middle English unlede (poor) (from Old English unlǣde, Middle English unweli, unwely (poor, unwealthy) (from Old English un- + weliġ (well-to-do, prosperous, rich).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

poor (comparative poorer, superlative poorest)

  1. With little or no possessions or money.
    We were so poor that we couldn't afford shoes.
  2. Of low quality.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
    That was a poor performance.
  3. To be pitied.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 15, The China Governess[1]:
      Mr. Campion sighed. ‘Poor man,’ he said. ‘He sees his great sacrifices rejected by the gods, and so, no doubt, all the Misses Eumenides let loose again to plague him.’
    Oh you poor little thing.
  4. Deficient in a specified way.
    Cow's milk is poor in iron.
  5. Inadequate, insufficient.
    I received a poor reward for all my hard work.
    • Calamy
      That I have wronged no man will be a poor plea or apology at the last day.
  6. Free from self-assertion; not proud or arrogant; meek.
    • Bible, Matthew v. 3
      Blessed are the poor in spirit.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (having little or no possessions): rich
  • (of low quality): good
  • (deficient in a specified way): rich
  • (inadequate): adequate

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

poor (plural only)

  1. (with "the") Those who have little or no possessions or money, taken as a group.
    The poor are always with us.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Limburgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Walloon porea

Noun[edit]

poor m

  1. leek

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

poor f (oblique plural poors, nominative singular poor, nominative plural poors)

  1. fear