miser

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See also: misër

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin miser (wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, miserable, sick, ill, bad, worthless, etc.).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

miser (plural misers)

  1. (pejorative) A person who hoards money rather than spending it; one who is cheap or extremely parsimonious.
    Ebenezer Scrooge was a stereotypical miser, he spent nothing he could save; neither giving to charity nor enjoying his wealth.

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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

miser

  1. (gambling) to bet (place a bet)

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin. Possibly akin to Ancient Greek μῖσος (mîsos, hatred).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

miser m (feminine misera, neuter miserum); first/second declension

  1. poor, wretched, pitiful
  2. miserable, unhappy
  3. worthless, null
  4. tragic, unfortunate
  5. sick
  6. tormenting

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, masculine nominative singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera
genitive miserī miserae miserī miserōrum miserārum miserōrum
dative miserō miserae miserō miserīs miserīs miserīs
accusative miserum miseram miserum miserōs miserās misera
ablative miserō miserā miserō miserīs miserīs miserīs
vocative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera

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References[edit]

  • H. H. Mallinckrodt, Latijn Nederlands woordenboek (Aula n° 24), Utrecht-Antwerpen, Spectrum, 1959 [Latin - Dutch dictionary in Dutch]
  • miser in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879