avoir

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French aveir, from Latin habēre, present active infinitive of habeō (have, hold, possess), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʰh₁bʰ- (to grab, to take). Influenced and reinforced by similar (yet etymologically unrelated) verbs in Germanic; compare Frankish *habēn, *hebōn (to have), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (haban, to have).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

avoir m (plural avoirs)

  1. asset, possession

Verb[edit]

avoir

  1. (transitive) to have (to own)
    J'aimerais avoir 20 dollars.
    I would like to have 20 dollars.
  2. (intransitive) to have to
    Il va avoir à faire les courses.
    He will have to do the shopping.
  3. (auxiliary) to have (auxiliary verb to form compound past tenses of most verbs)
    J'ai parlé.
    I have spoken.
  4. to be; to be aged (speaking of age)
    Elle a 19 ans.
    She is 19 years old.
  5. to be (speaking of condition)
    J'ai faim.
    I'm hungry.
    J'ai froid.
    I'm cold.
  6. to be, measure (speaking of measurements)
    Le mur semble avoir plus de deux mètres de haut.
    The wall seems to be higher than two metres.
  7. to have (to trick)
    Tu t'es fait avoir.
    You've been had.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with avoir.

See also[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

avoir

  1. to have
  2. (auxiliary verb) to have (verb used to form the perfect tense)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin habēre (have, hold, possess), present active infinitive of habeō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

avoir

  1. to have
  2. (auxiliary verb) to have (verb used to form the perfect tense)
  3. to exist (there is/there are)
    • c. 1200, Author unknown, Les quatres sohais Saint Martin:
      Un vilain ot en Normendie
      There was a peasant in Normandy

Noun[edit]

avoir m (oblique plural avoirs, nominative singular avoirs, nominative plural avoir)

  1. possession; good

Conjugation[edit]

  • Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]