être

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See also: etre

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French estre, from Old French estre, ester (to be), composed of two verbs: Latin stō (stand) (whence été, étant), and Latin esse (be) (whence est, sont), irregular also in Latin. Infinitive, present participle, past participle and imperfect forms from Latin stō (stand). More at be, is, stand.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

être

  1. to be
    Vous devez être plus clairs.
    You must be clearer.
  2. (auxiliary) Used to form the perfect and pluperfect tense of certain verbs (including all reflexive verbs)
    Après être allé au yoga, je suis rentré chez moi.
    After having gone to yoga, I came back home.
  3. (auxiliary) to be (Used to form the passive voice)
    Il peut être battu ce soir.
    He could be beaten this evening.

Conjugation[edit]


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Noun[edit]

être m (plural êtres)

  1. being, creature

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Jèrriais[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

être

  1. Alternative form of êt'.