Middle English mesure, from French mesure, from Latin mēnsūra (“a measuring, rule, something to measure by”), from mēnsus, past participle of mētīrī (“to measure, mete”). Displaced native Middle English mǣte, mete (“measure”) (n.) (from Old English met (“measure”), compare Old English mitta (“a measure”)), Middle English ameten, imeten (“to measure”) (from Old English āmetan, ġemetan "to mete, measure), Middle English hof, hoof (“measure, reason”) (from Old Norse hōf (“measure, reason”)), Old English mǣþ (“measure, degree”).
measure (plural measures)
- The quantity, size, weight, distance or capacity of a substance compared to a designated standard.
- An (unspecified) quantity or capacity :
- a measure of salt
- 2005, J Coarguo, Hávamál: The Words of the High One a Personal Interpretation:
- but there is never found a foolish man who knows the measure of his stomach
- The precise designated distance between two objects or points.
- The act of measuring.
- A musical designation consisting of all notes and or rests delineated by two vertical bars; an equal and regular division of the whole of a composition.
- 1922, Michael Arlen, chapter 2/2/2, “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days:
- They danced on silently, softly. Their feet played tricks to the beat of the tireless measure, that exquisitely asinine blare which is England's punishment for having lost America.
- A rule, ruler or measuring stick.
- A tactic, strategy or piece of legislation.
- He took drastic measures to halt inflation.
- (mathematics) A function that assigns a non-negative number to a given set following the mathematical nature that is common among length, volume, probability and the like.
- An indicator; Something used to assess some property.
- The average price of basic household goods is a measure for inflation.
- Honesty is the true measure of a man.
- 2011 October 23, Phil McNulty, “Man Utd 1 - 6 Man City”, BBC Sport:
- City were also the victors on that occasion 56 years ago, winning 5-0, but this visit was portrayed as a measure of their progress against the 19-time champions.
- (musical designation): bar
- (precise designated distance): metric
quantity etc. compared to a standard
unspecified quantity or capacity
special mathematical function
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
measure (third-person singular simple present measures, present participle measuring, simple past and past participle measured)
- To ascertain the quantity of a unit of material via calculated comparison with respect to a standard.
- 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 11:
- But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 (the average of the 15 poorest countries’ own poverty lines, measured in 2005 dollars and adjusted for differences in purchasing power): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
- We measured the temperature with a thermometer.
- You should measure the angle with a spirit level.
- To estimate the unit size of something.
- I measure that at 10 centimetres.
- To obtain or set apart; to mark in even increments.
- (rare) To traverse, cross, pass along; to travel over.
ascertain the quantity of a unit
- Jèrriais: m'suther
- Korean: 재다 (ko) (jaeda), 치수를 재다 (ko) (chisu-reul jaeda)
- Sorani: پێواندن
- Malay: ukur (ms)
- Maori: ine (mi)
- Ngaju: ukur
- Bokmål: måle (nb)
- Nynorsk: måle (nn), mæle (nn)
- Occitan: mesurar (oc), pagelar (oc)
- Old Javanese: ukur
- Polish: mierzyć (pl)
- Portuguese: medir (pt)
- Romanian: măsura (ro)
- Romansch: mesirar (rm), masirar (rm), misirar (rm), masürar (rm), imsürer (rm)
- Russian: измерять (ru) (izmerjátʹ) impf., мерить (ru) (méritʹ) impf., измерить (ru) (izméritʹ) pf., обмерять (ru) (obmerjátʹ) impf., обмерить (ru) (obméritʹ) pf.
- Sardinian: medire (sc), mediri (sc), metire (sc)
- Scottish Gaelic: tomhais (gd)
- Spanish: medir (es)
- Swedish: mäta (sv)