dog

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See also: DOG and dög

English[edit]

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 Dog on Wikipedia

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Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English dogge, from Old English docga (hound, powerful breed of dog), a pet-form diminutive of Old English *docce (muscle) (found in compound fingerdocce (finger-muscle) with suffix -ga (compare frocga (frog), picga (pig)). Cognate with Scots dug (dog). The true origin is unknown, but one possibility is from Proto-Germanic *dukkǭ (power, strength, muscle), though this may just be confusion with dock. In the 16th century, it superseded Old English hund and was adopted by several continental European languages.[1]

Noun[edit]

dog (plural dogs)

  1. A mammal, Canis lupus familiaris, that has been domesticated for thousands of years, of highly variable appearance due to human breeding.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The preposterous altruism too! [] Resist not evil. It is an insane immolation of self—as bad intrinsically as fakirs stabbing themselves or anchorites warping their spines in caves scarcely large enough for a fair-sized dog.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, The China Governess[1]:
      When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him.  [] . The captive made no resistance and came not only quietly but in a series of eager little rushes like a timid dog on a choke chain.
    The dog barked all night long.
  2. A male dog, wolf or fox, as opposed to a bitch (often attributive).
    • 1928, Siegfried Sassoon, Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, Penguin 2013, p. 149:
      Firstly, he was there to encourage and assist the hounds (a scratch pack – mostly dog-hounds drafted from fox-hound kennels because they were over-sized) […].
  3. (derogatory) A dull, unattractive girl or woman.
    She’s a real dog.
  4. (slang) A man (derived from definition 2).
    You lucky dog!   He's a sly dog.
  5. (slang, derogatory) A coward.
    Come back and fight, you dogs!
  6. (derogatory) Someone who is morally reprehensible.
    • Bible, 2 Kings viii. 13 (Rev. Ver.)
      What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he should do this great thing?
    • 1599, Robert Greene, Alphonsus, King of Aragon (1599). Act 3.
      Blasphemous dog, I wonder that the earth / Doth cease from renting vnderneath thy feete, / To swallow vp those cankred corpes of thine.
    You dirty dog.
  7. Any of various mechanical devices for holding, gripping, or fastening something, particularly with a tooth-like projection.
  8. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) A click or pallet adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet-wheel, to restrain the back action; a click or pawl. (See also: ratchet, windlass)
  9. A metal support for logs in a fireplace.
    The dogs were too hot to touch.
  10. A hot dog.
  11. (poker slang) Underdog
  12. (slang, almost always in the plural) feet.
    "My dogs are barking!" meaning "My feet hurt!"

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Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

Verb[edit]

dog (third-person singular simple present dogs, present participle dogging, simple past and past participle dogged)

  1. (transitive) To pursue with the intent to catch.
  2. (transitive) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by.
    The woman cursed him so that trouble would dog his every step.
    • 2012 January 1, Michael Riordan, “Tackling Infinity”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 86: 
      Some of the most beautiful and thus appealing physical theories, including quantum electrodynamics and quantum gravity, have been dogged for decades by infinities that erupt when theorists try to prod their calculations into new domains. Getting rid of these nagging infinities has probably occupied far more effort than was spent in originating the theories.
    • 2012 May 9, Jonathan Wilson, “Europa League: Radamel Falcao's Atlético Madrid rout Athletic Bilbao”, the Guardian:
      But this is not an Athletic that ever looks comfortable at the back – a criticism that has often dogged Marcelo Bielsa's sides.
  3. (transitive, nautical) To fasten a hatch securely.
    It is very important to dog down these hatches...
  4. (intransitive, emerging usage in UK) To watch, or participate, in sexual activity in a public place, on the pretence of walking the dog; see also dogging.
    I admit that I like to dog at my local country park.
  5. (intransitive, transitive) To intentionally restrict one's productivity as employee; to work at the slowest rate that goes unpunished.
    A surprise inspection of the night shift found that some workers were dogging it.
  6. (intransitive, with up) To position oneself on all fours, after the manner of a dog.
    I'd ask why you're dogged up in the middle of the room, but I probably don't want to know...

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ dog” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Afrikaans[edit]

Verb[edit]

dog (present dog, present participle dogende, past participle gedog)

  1. Alternative form of dag.

Danish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

dog

  1. though

Mbabaram[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *dwog(a), from *udwoga, from *gudwaga, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *gudaga. Related to Dyirbal guda, Yidiny gudaga. (Note that, despite the similarities, this word is not related to English dog.)[1]

Noun[edit]

dog

  1. dog

References[edit]

  1. ^ Language Hat, excerpting Dixon's Memoirs of a Field Worker

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

dog

  1. past tense of .

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English dog.

Noun[edit]

dog

  1. dog

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dog (plural dogs)

  1. (male or female) dog

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