Alternative forms 
- (RP) IPA: /dɒɡ/, X-SAMPA: /dQg/
- (US) IPA: /dɔɡ/, X-SAMPA: /dOg/
- (US, Canada, cot–caught merger) IPA: /dɑɡ/, X-SAMPA: /dAg/
Audio (US) (file)
Audio (UK) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒɡ
From Middle English dogge, from Old English docga (“hound, powerful breed of dog”), a pet-form diminutive of Old English *docce (“muscle”) (found in compound fingerdocce (“finger-muscle”) with suffix -ga (compare frocga (“frog”), picga (“pig”)). The true origin is unknown, but one possibility is from Proto-Germanic *dukkōn (“power, strength, muscle”), though this may just be confusion with dock. In the 16th century, it superseded Old English hund and was adopted by many continental European languages.
dog (plural dogs)
- A mammal, Canis lupus familiaris, of the genus Canis that has been domesticated for thousands of years, of highly variable appearance due to human breeding.
- The dog barked all night long.
- A male dog, wolf or fox, as opposed to a bitch (a female dog, wolf or fox).
- (derogatory) A dull, unattractive girl or woman.
- She’s a real dog.
- (slang) A man.
- You lucky dog!
- (slang, derogatory) A coward
- Come back and fight, you dogs!
- (derogatory) Someone who is morally reprehensible.
- You dirty dog.
- 1599 — Robert Greene, Alphonsus, King of Aragon (1599). Act 3.
- Blasphemous dog, I wonder that the earth
- Doth cease from renting vnderneath thy feete,
- To swallow vp those cankred corpes of thine.
- Any of various mechanical devices for holding, gripping, or fastening something, particularly with a tooth-like projection.
- (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) A click or pallet adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet-wheel, to restrain the back action; a click or pawl. (See also: ratchet, windlass)
- A metal support for logs in a fireplace.
- The dogs were too hot to touch.
- A hot dog.
- (poker slang) Underdog
- (slang, almost always in the plural) feet.
- "My dogs are barking!" meaning "My feet hurt!"
- (scientific names of animal): Canis familiaris, Canis domesticus, Canis familiarus domesticus, Canis canis, Canis aegyptius, Canis familiarus aegyptius, Canis melitaeus, Canis familiarus melitaeus, Canis molossus, Canis familiarus molossus, Canis saultor, Canis familiaris saultor
- (animal): See also Wikisaurus:dog, domestic dog, hound, canine
- (man): See also Wikisaurus:man, bloke (British), chap (British), dude, fellow, guy, man
- (morally reprehensible person): cad, bounder, blackguard, fool, hound, heel, scoundrel
- (mechanical device): click, detent, pawl
- (metal support for logs): andiron, firedog, dogiron
Coordinate terms 
- (animal): Afghan hound, bloodhound, chihuahua, coonhound, dachshund, deerhound, foxhound, gazehound, German shepherd, greyhound, hound, Irish Wolfhound, Norwegian Elkhound, otterhound, pointer, poodle, retriever, Russian Wolfhound, scenthound, setter, sheepdog, shepherd, sighthound, spaniel, staghound, terrier, wolfhound
- (animal): canid
Derived terms 
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also 
- Appendix:List of sequenced animal genomes
- Canis on Wikispecies. Wikispecies: Canis
- Dog on Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons
- flea bag
- Weisenberg, Michael (2000) The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. ISBN 978-1880069523
- (transitive) To pursue with the intent to catch.
- (transitive) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by.
- The woman cursed him so that trouble would dog his every step.
- 2012 January 1, Michael Riordan, “Tackling Infinity”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 86:
- Some of the most beautiful and thus appealing physical theories, including quantum electrodynamics and quantum gravity, have been dogged for decades by infinities that erupt when theorists try to prod their calculations into new domains. Getting rid of these nagging infinities has probably occupied far more effort than was spent in originating the theories.
- 2012 May 9, Jonathan Wilson, “Europa League: Radamel Falcao's Atlético Madrid rout Athletic Bilbao”, the Guardian:
- But this is not an Athletic that ever looks comfortable at the back – a criticism that has often dogged Marcelo Bielsa's sides.
- (transitive, nautical) To fasten a hatch securely.
- It is very important to dog down these hatches...
- (intransitive, emerging usage in UK) To watch, or participate, in sexual activity in a public place, on the pretence of walking the dog; see also dogging.
- I admit that I like to dog at my local country park.
- (intransitive, transitive) To intentionally restrict one's productivity as employee; to work at the slowest rate that goes unpunished.
- A surprise inspection of the night shift found that some workers were dogging it.
- (intransitive, with up) To position oneself on all fours, after the manner of a dog.
- I'd ask why you're dogged up in the middle of the room, but I probably don't want to know...
- (to pursue with intent to catch): chase, chase after, go after, pursue, tag, tail, track, trail
- (to restrict one's productivity): soldier, goldbrick
- past tense of dö.
Torres Strait Creole 
From English dog.
dog (plural dogs)
- (male or female) dog