running dog

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A calque of the Mandarin phrase 走狗 (zǒugǒu) (literally "running dog"; similar terms include 狗腿子 and 狗腿), often used as an insult by the communist government of the People's Republic of China, North Korea against nations perceived to be in thrall to imperialist powers such as the United States. The North Korean communist government uses a Sino-Korean term 주구 (jugu) (hanja: 走狗), which is an equivalent of the Mandarin term.


running dog (plural running dogs)

  1. Lackey; an unprincipled person who helps or flatters other, more powerful and often evil people; similar in this sense to the English word lapdog.