god

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See also: God, Gód, gód, gød, and góð

Contents

English[edit]

Indra on his mount Airavata.
A statue depicting Zeus, a Greek god.
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Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English god (deity) (akin to Old High German got (a rank of deity)), originally neuter, then changed to masculine to reflect the change in religion to Christianity, both from the Proto-Germanic *gudą (compare Dutch god, German Gott, Danish gud), from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (invoked (one)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰewH- (to call, to invoke) or *ǵʰew- (to pour). Not related to the word good.(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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Wikipedia

god (plural gods)

  1. A deity.
    1. A supernatural, typically immortal being with superior powers.
    2. A male deity.
      • 2002, Chuck Palahniuk, Lullaby:
        When ancient Greeks had a thought, it occurred to them as a god or goddess giving an order. Apollo was telling them to be brave. Athena was telling them to fall in love.
    3. A supreme being; God.
      The most frequently used name for the Islamic god is Allah.
  2. An idol.
    1. A representation of a deity, especially a statue or statuette.
    2. Something or someone particularly revered, worshipped, idealized, admired and/or followed.
      • Bible, Phil. iii. 19
        whose god is their belly
  3. (metaphor) A person in a high position of authority; a powerful ruler or tyrant.
  4. An exceedingly handsome man.
    Lounging on the beach were several Greek gods.
  5. (Internet) The person who owns and runs a multi-user dungeon.
    • 1996, Andy Eddy, Internet after hours
      The gods usually have several wizards, or "immortals," to assist them in building the MUD.
    • 2003, David Lojek, Emote to the Max (page 11)
      The wizzes are only the junior grade of the MUD illuminati. The people who attain the senior grade of MUD freemasonry by starting their own MUD, with all due hubris, are known as gods.

Usage notes[edit]

The word god is often applied both to males and to females. The word was originally neuter in Proto-Germanic; monotheistic – notably Judeo-Christian – usage completely shifted the gender to masculine, necessitating the development of a feminine form, goddess.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Proper Noun[edit]

god

  1. (very rare) Alternative form of God.
    • 1530, William Tyndall, An aunſwere vnto Syr Thomas Mores Dialogue in The whole workes of W. Tyndall, Iohn Frith, and Doct. Barnes, three worthy Martyrs, and principall teachers of this Churche of England, collected and compiled in one Tome togither, beyng before ſcattered, & now in Print here exhibited to the Church (1573), page 271/2:
      And ſuch is to beare yͤ names of god with croſſes betwene ech name about them.
    • 1900, Gilbert Keith Chesterton, "The Happy Man" in The Wild Knight and Other Poems:
      Golgotha's ghastly trinity—
      Three persons and one god.

Verb[edit]

god (third-person singular simple present gods, present participle godding, simple past and past participle godded)

  1. To idolize.
    • 1608, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Coriolanus, Act V Scene III:
      CORIOLANUS: This last old man, / Whom with a crack'd heart I have sent to Rome, / Loved me above the measure of a father; / Nay, godded me, indeed.
    • a. 1866, Edward Bulwer Lytton, "Death and Sisyphus".
      To men the first necessity is gods; / And if the gods were not, / " Man would invent them, tho' they godded stones.
    • 2001, Conrad C. Fink, Sportswriting: The Lively Game, page 78
      "Godded him up" ... It's the fear of discerning journalists: Does coverage of athletic stars, on field and off, approach beatification of the living?
  2. to deify
    • 1595, Edmund Spenser, Colin Clouts Come Home Againe.
      Then got he bow and fhafts of gold and lead, / In which fo fell and puiflant he grew, / That Jove himfelfe his powre began to dread, / And, taking up to heaven, him godded new.
    • 1951, Eric Voegelin, Dante Germino ed., The New Science of Politics: An Introduction (1987), page 125
      The superman marks the end of a road on which we find such figures as the "godded man" of English Reformation mystics
    • 1956, C. S. Lewis, Fritz Eichenberg, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold, page 241
      "She is so lately godded that she is still a rather poor goddess, Stranger.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse góðr (good), from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡoð/, [ɡ̊oðˀ], [ɡ̊oːˀð], [ɡ̊oːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -oð

Adjective[edit]

god (neuter godt, definite and plural gode, comparative bedre, superlative bedst)

  1. good

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch got, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (invoked (one)). Compare English and West Frisian god, German Gott, Danish gud.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

god m (plural goden, diminutive godje n)

  1. god

Related terms[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in other dialects) good (got)
  • (in other dialects) goot

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German, from Old Saxon, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

god

  1. (in some dialects) good (alternative spelling of goot)

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gōd

  1. Romanization of 𐌲𐍉𐌳

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English god.

Noun[edit]

god (plural gods, genitive goddes)

  1. god

Descendants[edit]


Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Saxon gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gôd

  1. good
Descendants[edit]
  • Low German: god

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Saxon gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gudą.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • gad (later Middle Low German)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gōd m (genitive godes)

  1. god

Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Athabaskan *-ɢᴜ̓t’.

Cognates:

  • Apachean: Western Apache -god, Chiricahua -go’
  • Others: Hupa -ɢot’, Mattole -goʔł, Galice -gʷay’, Chilcotin -gʷə́d, Slavey -gó’, Hare -gó’, Dogrib -gò, Dene Sųłiné -gór, Sekani -gʷə̀de’, Dunneza -gʷəd, Central Tanana -gᴜd, Hän -gòd, Ahtna -ɢo’d, Dena’ina -ɢət’, Eyak -ɢuʰd

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

-god (inalienable)

  1. knee

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Adjective[edit]

god (masculine god; feminine god; neuter godt; plural gode; comparative bedre; superlative best)

  1. good

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Adjective[edit]

god (masculine and feminine god, neuter godt, definite singular and plural gode, comparative betre, indefinite superlative best, definite superlative beste)

  1. good

Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (invoked; poured, libated), from an original root *ǵʰaw-, *ǵʰawH- (call, invoke) or *ǵʰew- (pour). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian god, Old Saxon god (Low German gad), Dutch god, Old High German got (German Gott), Old Norse goð, guð (Danish and Swedish gud), Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌸 (guþ). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek καυχάομαι (kaukháomai, I extol, boast), Old Irish guth (voice), Old Church Slavonic зъвати (zŭvati) (Russian звать (zvatʹ, call)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

god n

  1. god
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

god m

  1. God, the Christian god
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle English: god

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-, *gʰadʰ- (to gather, align, match). Cognate with Old Frisian gōd, Old Saxon gōd, Dutch goed, Old High German guot (German gut), Old Norse góðr (Swedish god), Gothic 𐌲𐍉𐌸𐍃 (gōþs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gōd (comparative betera, superlative betst)

  1. good, appropriate, pleasing
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

gōd n

  1. good; goodness, benefit, well-being
Declension[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite). Compare Old English and West Frisian gōd, Old High German and Old Dutch guot, Old Norse góðr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gōd (comparative betiro, superlative betst)

  1. good
    • Davides thes gōdon
      David the Good
      (Heliand, verse 363)
Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: gôd

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gōd n

  1. goodness, benefit
    • dōt im gōdes filu
      They gave to them loads of goods
      (Heliand, verse 1456)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: gôd

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gudą, from the Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto- (invoked (one)). Compare Old English god, Old Frisian god, Old High German got, Old Norse guð.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

god n

  1. god
    • godes ēgan barn
      God's own child
      (Heliand, verse 326)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gudą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

god m

  1. God, the Christian god
    • thia habdon maht godes helpa fan himila
      They had the power by the help of God in the heavens
      (Heliand, verse 11)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Low German: God

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of probable Germanic origins (compare German Wald, Dutch woud).

Noun[edit]

god m (plural gods)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) forest

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *godъ. Cognate with Slovene god, Old Church Slavonic годъ (godŭ), Russian год (god).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȏd m (Cyrillic spelling го̑д)

  1. name day
  2. anniversary, holiday
  3. ring (on a tree)

Declension[edit]

Particle[edit]

god (Cyrillic spelling год)

  1. generalization particle
    (t)ko god — whoever
    što god — whatever
    štа god — whatever
    koji god — whichever
    Uzmi koji god hočeš.
    Take whichever you want.
    kad god — whenever
    čiji god — whoever's
    kako god — in whichever way
    kakav god — of whatever kind
    koliki god — of whichever size
    koliko god — no matter how much/many

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *godъ. Cognate with Serbo-Croatian god, Old Church Slavonic годъ (godŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gód m inan (genitive godú or góda, nominative plural godôvi)

  1. name day

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish goþer, from Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ- (to join, to unite).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

god (comparative godare, superlative godast)

  1. good (not evil), kind
  2. good (tasting)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

god (comparative bättre, superlative bäst)

  1. good (not bad), fine, useful

Declension[edit]

Positive forms as above, comparative bättre, superlative bäst.

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰuto-. Compare English and Dutch god, German Gott, Danish gud.

Noun[edit]

god c (pl goaden)

  1. god, deity