holiday

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English holiday, halidei, haliȝdei, from Old English hāliġdæġ (holy day, Sabbath), equivalent to holy +‎ day. Cognate with Danish helligdag (holiday), Swedish helgdag (holiday, feast), Norwegian helligdag (holiday).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

holiday (plural holidays)

  1. A day on which a festival, religious event, or national celebration is traditionally observed.
    Today is a Wiccan holiday!
  2. A day declared free from work by the state or government.
  3. A period of one or more days taken off work by an employee for leisure.
  4. A period during which pupils and students do not attend their school or university.
    I want to take a French course this summer holiday.
  5. A period taken off work or study for travel or leisure.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or [] . And at last I began to realize in my harassed soul that all elusion was futile, and to take such holidays as I could get, when he was off with a girl, in a spirit of thankfulness.
  6. An unintentional gap left on a plated, coated, or painted surface.[1]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (day on which a festival, etc, is traditionally observed): feast day (celebratory religious event)
  • (day declared free from work by the government): Bank Holiday (UK), national holiday
  • (period of one or more days taken off work by an employee for leisure): leave, time off
  • (period taken off work or study for travel): vacation (US)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

holiday (third-person singular simple present holidays, present participle holidaying, simple past and past participle holidayed)

  1. To take a period of time away from work or study.
  2. (UK) To spend a period of time for travel.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/holiday (accessed: June 26, 2007).

Anagrams[edit]