male

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See also: Malé, mâle, małe, and måle

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English male, borrowed from Old French masle, malle (Modern French mâle), from Latin masculus (masculine, a male), diminutive of mās (male, masculine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

male (not comparable)

  1. Belonging to the sex which typically has testes, which in humans and most other mammals is typically the one which has XY chromosomes. [from 14th c.]
    • 1969, Human afflictions and chromosomal aberrations, page 245:
      On the one hand, the observation of Shah et al. (1961) of male pseudohermaphroditism with XX karyotype and intra-abdominal testicles. Only the skin was studied so that a possibility of mosaicism cannot be dismissed. Two other XX male subjects (Court Brown et al., 1964) raise a similar problem.
    • 1995, Nancy Condee, Soviet Hieroglyphics: Visual Culture in Late Twentieth-century Russia, page 113:
      The masked woman's lips do not move, but her voice is heard again, "And then, awakened by a daring kiss..."
      Behind the mask[,] the woman's eyes flicker open as a male voice is heard off-screen, []
  2. Belonging to the masculine (social) gender.
  3. Pertaining to or associated with men, or male animals; masculine. [from 16th c.]
    • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, Faber & Faber 1992, page 289:
      In the powder rooms of the world's great hotels[,] when male lesbians meet they show each other their wedding rings and burst out laughing.
    • 2009 December 11, The Guardian:
      "While No Doubt are avid fans of the Rolling Stones and even have performed in concerts with them, the Character Manipulation Feature results in an unauthorised performance by the Gwen Stefani avatar in a male voice boasting about having sex with prostitutes," the band's lawyers alleged.
  4. (biology) Inherently characteristic of the male of a species. [from 17th c.]
    • 2009 September 11, The Guardian:
      "It's very complex area," said Bowen-Simpkins, a consultant gynaecologist. "The male hormone is what gives bulk to muscles and bones so they are at an advantage."
  5. (grammar, less common than 'masculine') Masculine; of the masculine grammatical gender.
    • 2012, Naomi McIlwraith, Kiyâm: Poems (ISBN 1926836693), page 43:
      The teacher's voice inflects the pulse of nêhiyawêwin as he teaches us. He says a prayer in the first class. Nouns, we learn, have a gender. In French, nouns are male or female, but in Cree, nouns are living or non-living, animate or inanimate.
  6. (figuratively) Of instruments, tools, or connectors: designed to fit into or penetrate a "female" counterpart, as in a connector or pipe fitting. [from 16th c.]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

male (plural males)

  1. One of the male (masculine) sex or gender.
    1. A human member of the masculine sex or gender.
      • 2008, Linda Goldman, Coming Out, Coming in: Nurturing the Well-being and Inclusion of Gay Youth in Mainstream Society (ISBN 0415958245), page 27:
        [] a biologically female person who identifies as a male.
      • 2013, Emery & Rimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics (ISBN 0123838355), chapter 88, page 6:
        Among 46,XX males not having genital ambiguity, 80% show SRY as noted.
    2. An animal of the sex that has testes.
    3. A plant of the masculine sex.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German mālen (to draw, paint). Cognate with Icelandic mála (to paint).

Verb[edit]

male (imperative mal, present maler, past malede or malte, past participle malet or malt)

  1. to paint
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mala, from Proto-Germanic *malaną (to grind), from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂- (to grind, rub, break up). Cognate with Icelandic mala.

Verb[edit]

male (imperative mal, infinitive at male, present tense maler, past tense malede, past participle er/har malet)

  1. to grind, mill
Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

male

  1. (archaic) Dative singular form of maal

Verb[edit]

male

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of malen

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From prefix mal- (antonym)+-e (indicates adverbs)

Adverb[edit]

male

  1. on the contrary
  2. opposingly; in opposition
    male ol...
    as opposed to...

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Coined ex nihilo by Ado Grenzstein in the 19th century.

Noun[edit]

male (??? please provide the genitive and partitive!)

  1. (board game) chess

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


German[edit]

Verb[edit]

male

  1. First-person singular present of malen.
  2. Imperative singular of malen.
  3. First-person singular subjunctive I of malen.
  4. Third-person singular subjunctive I of malen.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin male.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmaː.le], /ˈmale/

Adverb[edit]

male (comparative: peggio; superlative: malissimo)

  1. badly, wrongly

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

male m (plural mali)

  1. evil, harm
  2. pain, ache, illness, sickness, disease

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From malus (bad, wicked).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

male (comparative pēius, superlative pessimē)

  1. badly
  2. wrongly
  3. cruelly, wickedly

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mála and Middle Low German malen

Verb[edit]

male (imperative mal, present tense maler, simple past malte, past participle malt, present participle malende)

  1. to paint

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mala

Verb[edit]

male (imperative mal, present tense maler, simple past mol or malte, past participle malt, present participle malende)

  1. to grind or mill (to make smaller by breaking with a device)
  2. to purr (of a cat, to make a vibrating sound in its throat when contented)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]