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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
男-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (field) +  (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

Chinese[edit]

male
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (男), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 那含切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌm/ /năm/ /nᴀm/ /nəm/ /nəm/ /nɒm/ /nɒm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nán ‹ nom › /*nˤ[əә]m/ man, male

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9354 2 /*nuːm/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) man, male
  2. son
  3. baron, lowest of five orders of chinese nobility 五等爵位

Synonyms[edit]

  • (male (for animals)):

Antonyms[edit]

  • (woman, female):

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/woto2ko1/: [wotwoko] → [wotoko] → [otoko]. Cognate with the verb wot- "to become young" with ko as a male suffix. Contrasts with otome, the female version.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おとこ, romaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

  1. man; male person.

Etymology 2[edit]

/wo/: [wo] → [o]. The male equivalent to me "female, woman".

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. male
  2. a man
  3. a husband
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

/wo2ko1/: [wonwoko] → [wonoko] → onoko. From wo "male" + no2 (genitive) + ko1 "man, child".

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おのこ, romaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

  1. a boy

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: nam, Yale: nam)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nam)

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