lover

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See also: løver

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • lovyer (dialectal or obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English lover, lovyere, derivative of loven, lovien (to love), equivalent to love +‎ -er.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lover (plural lovers)

  1. One who loves and cares for another person in a romantic way; a sweetheart, love, soulmate, boyfriend, or girlfriend.
    • Shakespeare
      Love is blind, and lovers cannot see / The pretty follies that themselves commit.
  2. A sexual partner.
  3. A person who loves something.
    a lover of fine wines
    a lover of his country
  4. (West Country, with "my") An informal term of address for any friend.
    All right, me lover?

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch lover, originally the plural of loof. As with other words with plurals in -er, eventually this was substituted with -eren, creating loveren. This new plural was then reanalysed as a separate noun and a new singular form lover was back-formed from it.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lover n (plural lovers, diminutive lovertje n)

  1. foliage

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The 1986 Dictionnaire de l'Académie française describes this word as a 17th century borrowing from a Low German (Dutch Low Saxon or German Low German) verb "lofen, lufen", although this is historically implausible.

Jan de Vries mentions this word in his Nederlands Etymologisch Woordenboek as a possible cognate of Dutch leuver; he derives the French word from an East Frisian verb "lofen, lufen".

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lover

  1. to coil (a rope or cord)
  2. (reflexive, of a snake) to coil up, wind up; to curl up

Conjugation[edit]

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Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

lover (plural lovers)

  1. lover